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VBA - Text Files
You can also read Excel File and write the contents of the cell into a Text File using VBA. VBA allows the users to work with text files using two methods −
- File System Object
- using Write Command
File System Object (FSO)
As the name suggests, FSOs help the developers to work with drives, folders, and files. In this section, we will discuss how to use a FSO.
|Sr.No.||Object Type & Description|
Drive is an Object. Contains methods and properties that allow you to gather information about a drive attached to the system.
Drives is a Collection. It provides a list of the drives attached to the system, either physically or logically.
File is an Object. It contains methods and properties that allow developers to create, delete, or move a file.
Files is a Collection. It provides a list of all the files contained within a folder.
Folder is an Object. It provides methods and properties that allow the developers to create, delete, or move folders.
Folders is a Collection. It provides a list of all the folders within a folder.
TextStream is an Object. It enables the developers to read and write text files.
Drive is an object, which provides access to the properties of a particular disk drive or network share. Following properties are supported by Drive object −
Step 1 − Before proceeding to scripting using FSO, we should enable Microsoft Scripting Runtime. To do the same, navigate to Tools → References as shown in the following screenshot.
Step 2 − Add "Microsoft Scripting RunTime" and Click OK.
Step 3 − Add Data that you would like to write in a Text File and add a Command Button.
Step 4 − Now it is time to Script.
Private Sub fn_write_to_text_Click() Dim FilePath As String Dim CellData As String Dim LastCol As Long Dim LastRow As Long Dim fso As FileSystemObject Set fso = New FileSystemObject Dim stream As TextStream LastCol = ActiveSheet.UsedRange.Columns.Count LastRow = ActiveSheet.UsedRange.Rows.Count ' Create a TextStream. Set stream = fso.OpenTextFile("D:\Try\Support.log", ForWriting, True) CellData = "" For i = 1 To LastRow For j = 1 To LastCol CellData = Trim(ActiveCell(i, j).Value) stream.WriteLine "The Value at location (" & i & "," & j & ")" & CellData Next j Next i stream.Close MsgBox ("Job Done") End Sub
When executing the script, ensure that you place the cursor in the first cell of the worksheet. The Support.log file is created as shown in the following screenshot under "D:\Try".
The Contents of the file are shown in the following screenshot.
Unlike FSO, we need NOT add any references, however, we will NOT be able to work with drives, files and folders. We will be able to just add the stream to the text file.
Private Sub fn_write_to_text_Click() Dim FilePath As String Dim CellData As String Dim LastCol As Long Dim LastRow As Long LastCol = ActiveSheet.UsedRange.Columns.Count LastRow = ActiveSheet.UsedRange.Rows.Count FilePath = "D:\Try\write.txt" Open FilePath For Output As #2 CellData = "" For i = 1 To LastRow For j = 1 To LastCol CellData = "The Value at location (" & i & "," & j & ")" & Trim(ActiveCell(i, j).Value) Write #2, CellData Next j Next i Close #2 MsgBox ("Job Done") End Sub
Upon executing the script, the "write.txt" file is created in the location "D:\Try" as shown in the following screenshot.
The contents of the file are shown in the following screenshot.
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