VB.Net - MenuStrip Control
The MenuStrip control represents the container for the menu structure.
The MenuStrip control works as the top-level container for the menu structure. The ToolStripMenuItem class and the ToolStripDropDownMenu class provide the functionalities to create menu items, sub menus and drop-down menus.
The following diagram shows adding a MenuStrip control on the form:
Properties of the MenuStrip Control
The following are some of the commonly used properties of the MenuStrip control:
|1||CanOverflow||Gets or sets a value indicating whether the MenuStrip supports overflow functionality.|
|2||GripStyle||Gets or sets the visibility of the grip used to reposition the control.|
|3||MdiWindowListItem||Gets or sets the ToolStripMenuItem that is used to display a list of Multiple-document interface (MDI) child forms.|
|4||ShowItemToolTips||Gets or sets a value indicating whether ToolTips are shown for the MenuStrip.|
|5||Stretch||Gets or sets a value indicating whether the MenuStrip stretches from end to end in its container.|
Events of the MenuStrip Control
The following are some of the commonly used events of the MenuStrip control:
|1||MenuActivate||Occurs when the user accesses the menu with the keyboard or mouse.|
|2||MenuDeactivate||Occurs when the MenuStrip is deactivated.|
In this example, let us add menu and sub-menu items.
Take the following steps:
Drag and drop or double click on a MenuStrip control, to add it to the form.
Click the Type Here text to open a text box and enter the names of the menu items or sub-menu items you want. When you add a sub-menu, another text box with 'Type Here' text opens below it.
Complete the menu structure shown in the diagram above.
Add a sub menu Exit under the File menu.
Double-Click the Exit menu created and add the following code to the Click event of ExitToolStripMenuItem:
Private Sub ExitToolStripMenuItem_Click(sender As Object, e As EventArgs) _ Handles ExitToolStripMenuItem.Click End End Sub
When the above code is executed and run using Start button available at the Microsoft Visual Studio tool bar, it will show the following window:
Click on the File -> Exit to exit from the application: