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setfsgid() - Unix, Linux System Call
setfsgid - set group identity used for file system checks
#include <unistd.h> /* glibc uses <sys/fsuid.h> */
int setfsgid(uid_t fsgid);
The system call
setfsgid() sets the group ID that the Linux kernel uses to check for all accesses
to the file system. Normally, the value of
fsgid will shadow the value of the effective group ID. In fact, whenever the
effective group ID is changed,
fsgid will also be changed to the new value of the effective group ID.
Explicit calls to
setfsgid() are usually only used by programs such as the Linux NFS server that
need to change what user and group ID is used for file access without a
corresponding change in the real and effective user and group IDs.
A change in the normal user IDs for a program such as the NFS server
is a security hole that can expose it to unwanted signals. (But see below.)
setfsgid() will only succeed if the caller is the superuser or if
fsgid matches either the real group ID, effective group ID,
saved set-group-ID, or the current value of
On success, the previous value of
fsgid is returned. On error, the current value of
fsgid is returned.
setfsgid() is Linux specific and should not be used in programs intended
to be portable.
It is present since Linux 1.1.44 and in libc since libc 4.7.6.
No error messages of any kind are returned to the caller. At the very
EPERM should be returned when the call fails (because the caller lacks the
When glibc determines that the argument is not a valid group ID,
it will return -1 and set errno to EINVAL without attempting
the system call.
Note that at the time this system call was introduced, a process
could send a signal to a process with the same effective user ID.
Today signal permission handling is slightly different.