Unix Shell - The until Loop


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The while loop is perfect for a situation where you need to execute a set of commands while some condition is true. Sometimes you need to execute a set of commands until a condition is true.

Syntax

until command
do
   Statement(s) to be executed until command is true
done

Here the Shell command is evaluated. If the resulting value is false, given statement(s) are executed. If the command is true then no statement will be executed and the program jumps to the next line after the done statement.

Example

Here is a simple example that uses the until loop to display the numbers zero to nine −

#!/bin/sh

a=0

until [ ! $a -lt 10 ]
do
   echo $a
   a = `expr $a + 1`
done

Upon execution, you will receive the following result −

0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

unix-shell-loops.htm

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