TestNG - Execution Procedure


This chapter explains the execution procedure of methods in TestNG. It explains the order of the methods called. Here is the execution procedure of the TestNG test API methods with an example.

Create a java class file name TestngAnnotation.java in C:\>TestNG_WORKSPACE to test annotations.

import org.testng.annotations.Test;
import org.testng.annotations.BeforeMethod;
import org.testng.annotations.AfterMethod;
import org.testng.annotations.BeforeClass;
import org.testng.annotations.AfterClass;
import org.testng.annotations.BeforeTest;
import org.testng.annotations.AfterTest;
import org.testng.annotations.BeforeSuite;
import org.testng.annotations.AfterSuite;

public class TestngAnnotation {
   // test case 1
   public void testCase1() {
      System.out.println("in test case 1");

   // test case 2
   public void testCase2() {
      System.out.println("in test case 2");

   public void beforeMethod() {
      System.out.println("in beforeMethod");

   public void afterMethod() {
      System.out.println("in afterMethod");

   public void beforeClass() {
      System.out.println("in beforeClass");

   public void afterClass() {
      System.out.println("in afterClass");

   public void beforeTest() {
      System.out.println("in beforeTest");

   public void afterTest() {
      System.out.println("in afterTest");

   public void beforeSuite() {
      System.out.println("in beforeSuite");

   public void afterSuite() {
      System.out.println("in afterSuite");


Next, let's create the file testng.xml in C:\>TestNG_WORKSPACE to execute annotations.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<!DOCTYPE suite SYSTEM "http://testng.org/testng-1.0.dtd" >

<suite name="Suite1">
  <test name="test1">
       <class name="TestngAnnotation"/>

Compile the Test case class using javac.

C:\TestNG_WORKSPACE>javac TestngAnnotation.java

Now, run the testng.xml, which will run the test case defined in the provided Test Case class.

C:\TestNG_WORKSPACE>java org.testng.TestNG testng.xml

Verify the output.

in beforeSuite
in beforeTest
in beforeClass
in beforeMethod
in test case 1
in afterMethod
in beforeMethod
in test case 2
in afterMethod
in afterClass
in afterTest
in afterSuite

Total tests run: 2, Failures: 0, Skips: 0

Based on the above output, the execution procedure is as follows:

  • First of all, beforeSuite() method is executed only once.

  • Lastly, the afterSuite() method executes only once.

  • Even the methods beforeTest(), beforeClass(), afterClass(), and afterTest() methods are executed only once.

  • beforeMethod() method executes for each test case but before executing the test case.

  • afterMethod() method executes for each test case but after executing the test case.

  • In between beforeMethod() and afterMethod(), each test case executes.