TestNG - Exception Test


TestNG provides an option of tracing the exception handling of code. You can test whether a code throws a desired exception or not. Here the expectedExceptions parameter is used along with the @Test annotation. Now, let's see @Test(expectedExceptions) in action.

Create a Class

  • Create a java class to be tested, say, MessageUtil.java in C:\>TestNG_WORKSPACE.

  • Add an error condition inside the printMessage() method.

* This class prints the given message on console.
public class MessageUtil {

   private String message;

   //@param message to be printed
   public MessageUtil(String message){
      this.message = message; 

   // prints the message
   public void printMessage(){
      int a =0;
      int b = 1/a;

   // add "Hi!" to the message
   public String salutationMessage(){
      message = "Hi!" + message;
      return message;

Create Test Case Class

  • Create a java test class, say, ExpectedExceptionTest.java.

  • Add an expected exception ArithmeticException to the testPrintMessage() test case.

Create a java class file named ExpectedExceptionTest.java in C:\ > TestNG_WORKSPACE.

import org.testng.Assert;
import org.testng.annotations.Test;

public class ExpectedExceptionTest {
   String message = "Manisha";	
   MessageUtil messageUtil = new MessageUtil(message);
   @Test(expectedExceptions = ArithmeticException.class)
   public void testPrintMessage() {	
      System.out.println("Inside testPrintMessage()");     
   public void testSalutationMessage() {
      System.out.println("Inside testSalutationMessage()");
      message = "Hi!" + "Manisha";

Create Test Runner

Create testng.xml in C:\>TestNG_WORKSPACE to execute test case(s).

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<!DOCTYPE suite SYSTEM "http://testng.org/testng-1.0.dtd" >

<suite name="Suite1">
   <test name="test1">
         <class name="ExpectedExceptionTest" />

Compile the MessageUtil, Test case classes using javac.

C:\TestNG_WORKSPACE>javac MessageUtil.java TestJunit.java

Now, run the Test Runner, which will run test cases defined in the provided Test Case class.

C:\TestNG_WORKSPACE>java -cp "C:\TestNG_WORKSPACE" org.testng.TestNG testng.xml

Verify the output. testPrintMessage() test case will be passed.

Inside testPrintMessage()
Inside testSalutationMessage()

Total tests run: 2, Failures: 0, Skips: 0