SVN Resolve Conflicts

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Tom decides to add README file for their project. So he creates README file and adds TODO list into that. After adding this file repository is at revision 6.

[tom@CentOS trunk]$ cat README 
/* TODO: Add contents in README file */

[tom@CentOS trunk]$ svn status
?       README

[tom@CentOS trunk]$ svn add README 
A         README

[tom@CentOS trunk]$ svn commit -m "Added README file. Will update it's content in future."
Adding         trunk/README
Transmitting file data .
Committed revision 6. 

Jerry checkouts the latest code which is at revision 6. And immediately he starts working. After few hours Tom updates README file and commits his changes. Modified README will look like this.

[tom@CentOS trunk]$ cat README 
* Supported operations:

1) Accept input
2) Display array elements

[tom@CentOS trunk]$ svn status
M       README

[tom@CentOS trunk]$ svn commit -m "Added supported operation in README"
Sending        trunk/README
Transmitting file data .
Committed revision 7.

Now repository is at revision 7 and Jerry's working copy is out of date. Jerry also updates README file and tries to commit his changes.

Jerry's README file looks like this.

[jerry@CentOS trunk]$ cat README 
* File list

1) array.c	Implementation of array operation.
2) README	Instructions for user.

[jerry@CentOS trunk]$ svn status
M       README

[jerry@CentOS trunk]$ svn commit -m "Updated README"
Sending        trunk/README
svn: Commit failed (details follow):
svn: File or directory 'README' is out of date; try updating
svn: resource out of date; try updating

Step 1: View Conflicts

This is good. Subversion has detected that README file has changed since last updated. So Jerry has to update his working copy.

[jerry@CentOS trunk]$ svn up
Conflict discovered in 'README'.
Select: (p) postpone, (df) diff-full, (e) edit,
        (mc) mine-conflict, (tc) theirs-conflict,
        (s) show all options:

Subversion is complaining that there is a conflict with the README file, and Subversion does not know how to solve this. So Jerry chooses the df option to review the conflict.

[jerry@CentOS trunk]$ svn up
Conflict discovered in 'README'.
Select: (p) postpone, (df) diff-full, (e) edit,
        (mc) mine-conflict, (tc) theirs-conflict,
        (s) show all options: df
--- .svn/text-base/README.svn-base	Sat Aug 24 18:07:13 2013
+++ .svn/tmp/README.tmp	Sat Aug 24 18:13:03 2013
@@ -1 +1,11 @@
-/* TODO: Add contents in README file */
+<<<<<<< .mine
+* File list
+
+1) array.c	Implementation of array operation.
+2) README	Instructions for user.
+=======
+* Supported operations:
+
+1) Accept input
+2) Display array elements
+>>>>>>> .r7
Select: (p) postpone, (df) diff-full, (e) edit, (r) resolved,
        (mc) mine-conflict, (tc) theirs-conflict,
        (s) show all options:

Step 2: Postpone Conflicts

Next Jerry chooses the postpone(p) options, so he can resolve the conflict.

Select: (p) postpone, (df) diff-full, (e) edit, (r) resolved,
        (mc) mine-conflict, (tc) theirs-conflict,
        (s) show all options: p
C    README
Updated to revision 7.
Summary of conflicts:
  Text conflicts: 1

After opening README in text editor he realises that Subversion has included both Tom's code and his code with conflict markers.

[jerry@CentOS trunk]$ cat README
<<<<<<< .min
* File list

1) array.c	Implementation of array operation.
2) README	Instructions for user.
=======
* Supported operations:

1) Accept input
2) Display array elements
>>>>>>> .r7

Jerry wants Tom's changes as well as his, so he just removes the lines containing the conflict markers.

So modified README will look like this.

[jerry@CentOS trunk]$ cat README
* File list

1) array.c	Implementation of array operation.
2) README	Instructions for user.

* Supported operations:

1) Accept input
2) Display array elements

Jerry resolved conflict and he retries commit.

[jerry@CentOS trunk]$ svn commit -m "Updated README"
svn: Commit failed (details follow):
svn: Aborting commit: '/home/jerry/project_repo/trunk/README' remains in conflict
 
[jerry@CentOS trunk]$ svn status
?       README.r6
?       README.r7
?       README.mine
C       README

Step 3: Resolve Conflicts

Here C letters indicates that there is conflicts in README file. Jerry resolved the conflict but didn't tell Subversion that he had resolved conflict. He uses resolve command to inform Subversion about conflict resolution.

[jerry@CentOS trunk]$ svn resolve --accept=working README
Resolved conflicted state of 'README'

[jerry@CentOS trunk]$ svn status
M       README

[jerry@CentOS trunk]$ svn commit -m "Updated README"
Sending        trunk/README
Transmitting file data .
Committed revision 8.


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