Struts 2 Redirect Action

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The redirect result type calls the standard response.sendRedirect() method, causing the browser to create a new request to the given location.

We can provide the location either in the body of the <result...> element or as a <param name="location"> element. Redirect also supports the parse parameter. Here's an example configured using XML:

<action name="hello" 
   class="com.tutorialspoint.struts2.HelloWorldAction"
   method="execute">
   <result name="success" type="redirect">
       <param name="location">
         /NewWorld.jsp
      </param >
   </result>
</action>

So just modify your WebContent/WEB-INF/classes/struts.xml file to define redirect type as mentioned above:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<!DOCTYPE struts PUBLIC
    "-//Apache Software Foundation//DTD Struts Configuration 2.0//EN"
    "http://struts.apache.org/dtds/struts-2.0.dtd">

<struts>
   <constant name="struts.devMode" value="true" />
   <package name="helloworld" extends="struts-default">

      <action name="hello" 
         class="com.tutorialspoint.struts2.HelloWorldAction"
         method="execute">
         <result name="success" type="redirect">
            <param name="location">
             /NewWorld.jsp
            </param >
        </result>
      </action>

      <action name="index"> 
         <result >/index.jsp</result>
      </action>

   </package>
</struts>

Here NewWorld.jsp is a new page where you will be redirected whenever your action retruns "success". Let us keep WebContent/WEB-INF/lib/web.xml without any change, so its content will be as follows:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<web-app xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
   xmlns="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee" 
   xmlns:web="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee/web-app_2_5.xsd"
   xsi:schemaLocation="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee 
   http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee/web-app_3_0.xsd"
   id="WebApp_ID" version="3.0">

   <display-name>Struts 2</display-name>

   <welcome-file-list>
      <welcome-file>index.jsp</welcome-file>
   </welcome-file-list>
   
   <filter>
      <filter-name>struts2</filter-name>
      <filter-class>
         org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.FilterDispatcher
      </filter-class>
   </filter>

   <filter-mapping>
      <filter-name>struts2</filter-name>
      <url-pattern>/*</url-pattern>
   </filter-mapping>

</web-app>

Create action class file Java Resources/src/HelloWorldAction.java as follows:

package com.tutorialspoint.struts2;

import com.opensymphony.xwork2.ActionSupport;

public class HelloWorldAction extends ActionSupport{
   private String name;

   public String execute() throws Exception {
      return "success";
   }
   
   public String getName() {
      return name;
   }

   public void setName(String name) {
      this.name = name;
   }
}

Let create main page WebContent/WEB-INF/index.jsp with the following content:

<%@ page language="java" contentType="text/html; charset=ISO-8859-1"
   pageEncoding="ISO-8859-1"%>
<%@ taglib prefix="s" uri="/struts-tags"%>
   <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN" 
   "http://www.w3.org/TR/html4/loose.dtd">
<html>
<head>
<title>Hello World</title>
</head>
<body>
   <h1>Hello World From Struts2</h1>
   <form action="hello">
      <label for="name">Please enter your name</label><br/>
      <input type="text" name="name"/>
      <input type="submit" value="Say Hello"/>
   </form>
</body>
</html>

Let us create WebContent/WEB-INF/NewWorld.jsp where request will be redirected in case action returns "success" :

<%@ page language="java" contentType="text/html; charset=ISO-8859-1"
   pageEncoding="ISO-8859-1"%>
<%@ taglib prefix="s" uri="/struts-tags"%>
   <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN" 
   "http://www.w3.org/TR/html4/loose.dtd">
<html>
<head>
<title>Redirected Page</title>
</head>
<body>
   <h1>New Page after redirection</h1>
</body>
</html>

Now Right click on the project name and click Export > WAR File to create a War file. Then deploy this WAR in the Tomcat's webapps directory. Finally, start Tomcat server and try to access URL http://localhost:8080/HelloWorldStruts2/index.action. This will give you following screen:

Page Redirection Example

Enter any value in the text box and submit the page. You should see the next page after redirection:

Redirected Page


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