Sass - Variable Defaults


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Description

You can set the default values for variables by adding !default flag to the end of the variable value. It will not re-assign the value, if it is already assigned to the variable.

Example

The following example demonstrates the use of variable defaults in the SCSS file −

<html>
   <head>
      <title>Variable Defaults</title>
      <link rel = "stylesheet" type = "text/css" href = "style.css" />
      <link rel = "stylesheet" href = "https://maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/3.3.5/css/bootstrap.min.css">
      <script src = "https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/2.1.3/jquery.min.js"></script>
      <script src = "https://maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/3.3.5/js/bootstrap.min.js"></script>
   </head>

   <body>
      <div class = "container">
         <h2>Example using Variable Defaults</h2>
         <p>Sass is an extension of CSS that adds power and elegance to the basic language..</p>
      </div>
   </body>
</html>

Next, create file style.scss.

style.scss

$myval1: null;
$myval1: "Sass Developed by Natalie Weizenbaum and Chris Eppstein" !default;

p:after {
   content: $myval1;
}

You can tell SASS to watch the file and update the CSS whenever SASS file changes, by using the following command −

sass --watch C:\ruby\lib\sass\style.scss:style.css

Next, execute the above command; it will create the style.css file automatically with the following code −

style.css

p:after {
   content: "Sass Developed by Natalie Weizenbaum and Chris Eppstein";
}

Output

Let us carry out the following steps to see how the above given code works −

  • Save the above given html code in var_defaults.html file.

  • Open this HTML file in a browser, an output is displayed as shown below.

Sass Variable Defaults
sass_script.htm
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