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ArrayList vs Vector : Collection Interview question

Difference between ArrayList and Vector is the most common Core Java Interview question you will come across in Collection . This question is mostly
http://javahungry.blogspot.com/2013/12/difference-between-arraylist-and-vector-in-java-collection-interview-question.html

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Difference between ArrayList and Vector is the most common Core Java Interview question you will come across in Collection . This question is mostly used as a start up question by the Interviewers before testing deep roots of the Collection .Vector , ArrayList classes are implemented using dynamically resizable array providing fast random access and fast list traversal very much like using an ordinary array . ArrayList support dynamic arrays that can grow as needed that is ArrayList can be dynamically increased or decreased in size .


Arraylist vs Vector in Java


1. Synchronization and Thread-Safe

Vector is synchronized while ArrayList is not synchronized . Synchronization and thread safe means at a time only one thread can access the code .In Vector class all the methods are synchronized .Thats why the Vector object is already synchronized when it is created .

2. Performance

Vector is slow as it is thread safe . In comparison ArrayList is fast as it is non synchronized . Thus in ArrayList two or more threads can access the code at the same time , while Vector is limited to one thread at a time.

3. Automatic Increase in Capacity

A Vector defaults to doubling size of its array . While when you insert an element into the ArrayList , it increases its Array size by 50% .

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