Python - Tkinter Frame


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The Frame widget is very important for the process of grouping and organizing other widgets in a somehow friendly way. It works like a container, which is responsible for arranging the position of other widgets.

It uses rectangular areas in the screen to organize the layout and to provide padding of these widgets. A frame can also be used as a foundation class to implement complex widgets.

Syntax

Here is the simple syntax to create this widget −

w = Frame ( master, option, ... )

Parameters

  • master − This represents the parent window.

  • options − Here is the list of most commonly used options for this widget. These options can be used as key-value pairs separated by commas.

Sr.No. Option & Description
1

bg

The normal background color displayed behind the label and indicator.

2

bd

The size of the border around the indicator. Default is 2 pixels.

3

cursor

If you set this option to a cursor name (arrow, dot etc.), the mouse cursor will change to that pattern when it is over the checkbutton.

4

height

The vertical dimension of the new frame.

5

highlightbackground

Color of the focus highlight when the frame does not have focus.

6

highlightcolor

Color shown in the focus highlight when the frame has the focus.

7

highlightthickness

Thickness of the focus highlight.

8

relief

With the default value, relief=FLAT, the checkbutton does not stand out from its background. You may set this option to any of the other styles

9

width

The default width of a checkbutton is determined by the size of the displayed image or text. You can set this option to a number of characters and the checkbutton will always have room for that many characters.

Example

Try the following example yourself −

from Tkinter import *

root = Tk()
frame = Frame(root)
frame.pack()

bottomframe = Frame(root)
bottomframe.pack( side = BOTTOM )

redbutton = Button(frame, text="Red", fg="red")
redbutton.pack( side = LEFT)

greenbutton = Button(frame, text="Brown", fg="brown")
greenbutton.pack( side = LEFT )

bluebutton = Button(frame, text="Blue", fg="blue")
bluebutton.pack( side = LEFT )

blackbutton = Button(bottomframe, text="Black", fg="black")
blackbutton.pack( side = BOTTOM)

root.mainloop()

When the above code is executed, it produces the following result −

TK Frame
python_gui_programming.htm


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