Python time strftime() Method


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Description

The method strftime() converts a tuple or struct_time representing a time as returned by gmtime() or localtime() to a string as specified by the format argument.

If t is not provided, the current time as returned by localtime() is used. format must be a string. An exception ValueError is raised if any field in t is outside of the allowed range.

Syntax

Following is the syntax for strftime() method −

time.strftime(format[, t])

Parameters

  • t − This is the time in number of seconds to be formatted.

  • format − This is the directive which would be used to format given time. The following directives can be embedded in the format string −

Directive

  • %a - abbreviated weekday name

  • %A - full weekday name

  • %b - abbreviated month name

  • %B - full month name

  • %c - preferred date and time representation

  • %C - century number (the year divided by 100, range 00 to 99)

  • %d - day of the month (01 to 31)

  • %D - same as %m/%d/%y

  • %e - day of the month (1 to 31)

  • %g - like %G, but without the century

  • %G - 4-digit year corresponding to the ISO week number (see %V).

  • %h - same as %b

  • %H - hour, using a 24-hour clock (00 to 23)

  • %I - hour, using a 12-hour clock (01 to 12)

  • %j - day of the year (001 to 366)

  • %m - month (01 to 12)

  • %M - minute

  • %n - newline character

  • %p - either am or pm according to the given time value

  • %r - time in a.m. and p.m. notation

  • %R - time in 24 hour notation

  • %S - second

  • %t - tab character

  • %T - current time, equal to %H:%M:%S

  • %u - weekday as a number (1 to 7), Monday=1. Warning: In Sun Solaris Sunday=1

  • %U - week number of the current year, starting with the first Sunday as the first day of the first week

  • %V - The ISO 8601 week number of the current year (01 to 53), where week 1 is the first week that has at least 4 days in the current year, and with Monday as the first day of the week

  • %W - week number of the current year, starting with the first Monday as the first day of the first week

  • %w - day of the week as a decimal, Sunday=0

  • %x - preferred date representation without the time

  • %X - preferred time representation without the date

  • %y - year without a century (range 00 to 99)

  • %Y - year including the century

  • %Z or %z - time zone or name or abbreviation

  • %% - a literal % character

Return Value

This method does not return any value.

Example

The following example shows the usage of strftime() method.

#!/usr/bin/python
import time

t = (2009, 2, 17, 17, 3, 38, 1, 48, 0)
t = time.mktime(t)
print time.strftime("%b %d %Y %H:%M:%S", time.gmtime(t))

When we run above program, it produces following result −

Feb 18 2009 00:03:38

python_date_time.htm

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