Python String translate() Method

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Description

The method translate() returns a copy of the string in which all characters have been translated using table (constructed with the maketrans() function in the string module), optionally deleting all characters found in the string deletechars.

Syntax

Following is the syntax for translate() method:

str.translate(table[, deletechars]);

Parameters

  • table -- You can use the maketrans() helper function in the string module to create a translation table.

  • deletechars -- The list of characters to be removed from the source string.

Return Value

This method returns a translated copy of the string.

Example

The following example shows the usage of translate() method. Under this every vowel in a string is replaced by its vowel position:

#!/usr/bin/python

from string import maketrans   # Required to call maketrans function.

intab = "aeiou"
outtab = "12345"
trantab = maketrans(intab, outtab)

str = "this is string example....wow!!!";
print str.translate(trantab);

Let us compile and run the above program, this will produce the following result:

th3s 3s str3ng 2x1mpl2....w4w!!!

Following is the example to delete 'x' and 'm' characters from the string:

#!/usr/bin/python

from string import maketrans   # Required to call maketrans function.

intab = "aeiou"
outtab = "12345"
trantab = maketrans(intab, outtab)

str = "this is string example....wow!!!";
print str.translate(trantab, 'xm');

This will produce following result:

th3s 3s str3ng 21pl2....w4w!!!



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