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Prototype AJAX Updater() Method


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This AJAX Ajax.Updater performs an AJAX request and updates a container's contents based on the response text.

Ajax.Updater is a specialization of Ajax.Request.

Syntax:

new Ajax.Updater(container, url[, options]);

Return Value :

  • An AJAX Ajax.Updater object

Ajax.Updater features all the Common Options and callbacks, plus those added by Ajax.Updater().

There are two more options specific to this method:

OptionDescription
evalScriptsDefault value is false.
This determines whether <script> elements in the response text are evaluated or not.
insertionDefault value is None.
By default, Element.update is used, which replaces the whole contents of the container with the response text. You may want to instead insert the response text around existing contents.

In the following example, we assume that creating a new item through AJAX returns an XHTML fragment representing only the new item, which we need to add within our list container, but at the bottom of its existing contents. Here it goes:

new Ajax.Updater('items', '/items', {
  parameters: { text: $F('text') },
  insertion: Insertion.Bottom
});

Example:

Following is the example to show the usage of Ajax.Updater to update system time. Each time is getting added at the bottom :

<html>
<head>

<title>Prototype examples</title>
   <script type="text/javascript" 
   src="/javascript/prototype.js">
   </script>
<script>

function insertTime()
{
   
   new Ajax.Updater('datetime', '/cgi-bin/timer.cgi', {
     method: 'get', 
     insertion: Insertion.Bottom
   });
 
}
</script>
</head>

<body>

  <p>Click update button many time to see the result.</p>
  <br />
 
  <div id="datetime">Date & Time</div>

  <br />
  <br />
  <input type="button" value="Update" onclick="insertTime();"/>

</body>
</html>

Here is the content of timer.cgi

#!/usr/bin/perl

print "Content-type: text/html\n\n";

$datetime = localtime;
print $datetime;
print "<br />";

To understand it in better way you can Try it yourself.

Single container, or success/failure alternative ?

The examples above all assume you're going to update the same container whether your request succeeds or fails. There may very well be times when you don't want that. You may want to update only for successful requests, or update a different container on failed requests.

In the following code, only successful requests get an update:

new Ajax.Updater({ success: 'items' }, '/items', {
  parameters: { text: $F('text') },
  insertion: Insertion.Bottom
});

The next example assumes failed requests will feature an error message as response text, and will go on to update another element with it, probably a status zone.

new Ajax.Updater({success:'items',failure:'notice' },'/items',
{
  parameters: { text: $F('text') },
  insertion: Insertion.Bottom
});


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