PostgreSQL MIN Function

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PostgreSQL MIN function is used to find out the record with minimum value among a record set.

To understand MIN function consider the table COMPANY having records as follows:

testdb# select * from COMPANY;
 id | name  | age | address   | salary
----+-------+-----+-----------+--------
  1 | Paul  |  32 | California|  20000
  2 | Allen |  25 | Texas     |  15000
  3 | Teddy |  23 | Norway    |  20000
  4 | Mark  |  25 | Rich-Mond |  65000
  5 | David |  27 | Texas     |  85000
  6 | Kim   |  22 | South-Hall|  45000
  7 | James |  24 | Houston   |  10000
(7 rows)

Now suppose based on the above table you want to fetch minimum value of salary, then you can do so simply using the following command:

testdb=# SELECT MIN(salary) FROM company;

Above PostgreSQL statement will produce the following result:

  min
-------
 10000
(1 row)

You can find all the records with minimum value for each name using GROUP BY clause as follows:

testdb=# SELECT id, name, MIN(salary) FROM company GROUP BY id, name;

Above PostgreSQL statement will produce the following result:

 id | name  |  min
----+-------+-------
  4 | Mark  | 65000
  7 | James | 10000
  6 | Kim   | 45000
  3 | Teddy | 20000
  2 | Allen | 15000
  5 | David | 85000
  1 | Paul  | 20000
(7 rows)

You can use MIN Function along with MAX function to find out minimum value as well. Try out following example:

testdb=# SELECT MIN(salary), MAX(salary) max FROM company;

Above PostgreSQL statement will produce the following result:

  min  |  max
-------+-------
 10000 | 85000
(1 row)


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