PL/SQL - Relational Operators


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Relational operators compare two expressions or values and return a Boolean result. Following table shows all the relational operators supported by PL/SQL. Let us assume variable A holds 10 and variable B holds 20, then −

Operator Description Example
= Checks if the values of two operands are equal or not, if yes then condition becomes true. (A = B) is not true.

!=

<>

~=

Checks if the values of two operands are equal or not, if values are not equal then condition becomes true. (A != B) is true.
> Checks if the value of left operand is greater than the value of right operand, if yes then condition becomes true. (A > B) is not true.
< Checks if the value of left operand is less than the value of right operand, if yes then condition becomes true. (A < B) is true.
>= Checks if the value of left operand is greater than or equal to the value of right operand, if yes then condition becomes true. (A >= B) is not true.
<= Checks if the value of left operand is less than or equal to the value of right operand, if yes then condition becomes true. (A <= B) is true

Example

DECLARE 
   a number (2) := 21; 
   b number (2) := 10; 
BEGIN 
   IF (a = b) then 
      dbms_output.put_line('Line 1 - a is equal to b'); 
   ELSE 
      dbms_output.put_line('Line 1 - a is not equal to b'); 
   END IF;  
   IF (a < b) then 
      dbms_output.put_line('Line 2 - a is less than b'); 
   ELSE 
      dbms_output.put_line('Line 2 - a is not less than b'); 
   END IF; 
    
   IF ( a > b ) THEN 
      dbms_output.put_line('Line 3 - a is greater than b'); 
   ELSE 
      dbms_output.put_line('Line 3 - a is not greater than b'); 
   END IF;  
   -- Lets change value of a and b 
   a := 5; 
   b := 20; 
   IF ( a <= b ) THEN 
      dbms_output.put_line('Line 4 - a is either equal or less than b'); 
   END IF; 
   IF ( b >= a ) THEN 
      dbms_output.put_line('Line 5 - b is either equal or greater than a'); 
   END IF;
   IF ( a <> b ) THEN 
      dbms_output.put_line('Line 6 - a is not equal to b'); 
   ELSE 
      dbms_output.put_line('Line 6 - a is equal to b'); 
   END IF;  
END; 
/ 

When the above code is executed at the SQL prompt, it produces the following result −

Line 1 - a is not equal to b 
Line 2 - a is not less than b 
Line 3 - a is greater than b 
Line 4 - a is either equal or less than b 
Line 5 - b is either equal or greater than a 
Line 6 - a is not equal to b  

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed 

plsql_operators.htm

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