PL/SQL - CASE Statement

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Like the IF statement, the CASE statement selects one sequence of statements to execute. However, to select the sequence, the CASE statement uses a selector rather than multiple Boolean expressions. A selector is an expression, whose value is used to select one of several alternatives.

Syntax:

The syntax for case statement in PL/SQL is:

CASE selector
    WHEN 'value1' THEN S1;
    WHEN 'value2' THEN S2;
    WHEN 'value3' THEN S3;
    ...
    ELSE Sn;  -- default case
END CASE;

Flow Diagram:

case statement in PL/SQL

Example:

DECLARE
   grade char(1) := 'A';
BEGIN
   CASE grade
      when 'A' then dbms_output.put_line('Excellent');
      when 'B' then dbms_output.put_line('Very good');
      when 'C' then dbms_output.put_line('Well done');
      when 'D' then dbms_output.put_line('You passed');
      when 'F' then dbms_output.put_line('Better try again');
      else dbms_output.put_line('No such grade');
   END CASE;
END;
/

When the above code is executed at SQL prompt, it produces the following result:

Excellent

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.


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