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PHP strptime() Function


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Definition and Usage

The strptime() function accepts a date string (generated with strftime()) and a format string as parameters and, parses the given string in the specified format.

Syntax

strptime($date, $format)

Parameters

Sr.No Parameter & Description
1

date(Mandatory)

This is a string value representing the date to parse.

2

format(Mandatory)

This is a string value representing the format used to parse the date.

Return Values

PHP strptime() function returns an array, containing parsed date. Incase of failure, this function returns the boolean value false. The array returned contains the following keys &minus

  • [tm_sec] − seconds (0-61)
  • [tm_min] − minutes (0-59)
  • [tm_hour] − hour (0-23)
  • [tm_mday] − day of the month (1-31)
  • [tm_mon] − months since January (0-11)
  • [tm_year] − years since 1900
  • [tm_wday] − days since Sunday (0-6)
  • [tm_yday] − days since January 1 (0-365)
  • [unparsed] − the date part which was not recognized using the specified format, if any

PHP Version

This function was first introduced in PHP Version 5.1.0 and, works with all the later versions.

Example

Following example demonstrates the usage of the strptime() function −

Live Demo
<?php
   $format = '%A %d %B %G %T';
   $strf = strftime($format);
   $res = strptime($strf, $format);
   print_r($res);
?>

This will produce following result −

 Array ( [tm_sec] => 26 [tm_min] => 35 [tm_hour] => 15 [tm_mday] => 13 [tm_mon] => 4 [tm_year] => 0 [tm_wday] => 3 [tm_yday] => 132 [unparsed] => )

Example

Live Demo
<?php
   $format = '%d/%m/%Y %H:%M:%S';
   $strf = strftime($format);
   
   echo "$strf\n";
   
   print_r(strptime($strf, $format));
?>

This will produce following result −

08/06/2020 09:10:32 Array ( [tm_sec] => 32 [tm_min] => 10 [tm_hour] => 9 [tm_mday] => 8 [tm_mon] => 5 [tm_year] => 120 [tm_wday] => 1 [tm_yday] => 159 [unparsed] => )

Following are the various characters to format the date/time using strftime −

  • %a − abbreviated weekday name

  • %A − full weekday name

  • %b − abbreviated month name

  • %B − full month name

  • %c − preferred date and time representation

  • %C − century number (the year divided by 100, range 00 to 99)

  • %d − day of the month (01 to 31)

  • %D − same as %m/%d/%y

  • %e − day of the month (1 to 31)

  • %g − like %G, but without the century

  • %G − 4-digit year corresponding to the ISO week number (see %V).

  • %h − same as %b

  • %H − hour, using a 24-hour clock (00 to 23)

  • %I − hour, using a 12-hour clock (01 to 12)

  • %j − day of the year (001 to 366)

  • %m − month (01 to 12)

  • %M − minute

  • %n − newline character

  • %p − either am or pm according to the given time value

  • %r − time in a.m. and p.m. notation

  • %R − time in 24 hour notation

  • %S − second

  • %t − tab character

  • %T − current time, equal to %H:%M:%S

  • %u − weekday as a number (1 to 7), Monday=1. Warning: In Sun Solaris Sunday=1

  • %U − week number of the current year, starting with the first Sunday as the first day of the first week

  • %V − The ISO 8601 week number of the current year (01 to 53), where week 1 is the first week that has at least 4 days in the current year, and with Monday as the first day of the week

  • %W − week number of the current year, starting with the first Monday as the first day of the first week

  • %w − day of the week as a decimal, Sunday=0

  • %x − preferred date representation without the time

  • %X − preferred time representation without the date

  • %y − year without a century (range 00 to 99)

  • %Y − year including the century

  • %Z or %z − time zone or name or abbreviation

  • %% − a literal % character

php_function_reference.htm
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