Perl Miscellaneous Operators Example


There are following miscellaneous operators supported by Perl language. Assume variable a holds 10 and variable b holds 20 then −

Operator Description Example
. Binary operator dot (.) concatenates two strings. If $a="abc", $b="def" then $a.$b will give "abcdef"
x The repetition operator x returns a string consisting of the left operand repeated the number of times specified by the right operand. ('-' x 3) will give ---.
.. The range operator .. returns a list of values counting (up by ones) from the left value to the right value (2..5) will give (2, 3, 4, 5)
++ Auto Increment operator increases integer value by one $a++ will give 11
-- Auto Decrement operator decreases integer value by one $a-- will give 9
-> The arrow operator is mostly used in dereferencing a method or variable from an object or a class name $obj->$a is an example to access variable $a from object $obj.


Try the following example to understand all the miscellaneous operators available in Perl. Copy and paste the following Perl program in file and execute this program.


$a = "abc";
$b = "def";

print "Value of \$a  = $a and value of \$b = $b\n";
$c = $a . $b;
print "Value of \$a . \$b = $c\n";

$c = "-" x 3;
print "Value of \"-\" x 3 = $c\n";

@c = (2..5);
print "Value of (2..5) = @c\n";

$a = 10;
$b = 15;
print "Value of \$a  = $a and value of \$b = $b\n";

$c = $a ;
print "Value of \$a after \$a++ = $c\n";

$c = $b ;
print "Value of \$b after \$b-- = $c\n";

When the above code is executed, it produces the following result −

Value of $a = abc and value of $b = def
Value of $a . $b = abcdef
Value of "-" x 3 = ---
Value of (2..5) = 2 3 4 5
Value of $a = 10 and value of $b = 15
Value of $a after $a++ = 11
Value of $b after $b-- = 14

We will explain --> operator when we will discuss about Perl Object and Classes.