Pascal - While-do Loop


Advertisements


A while-do loop statement in Pascal allows repetitive computations till some test condition is satisfied. In other words, it repeatedly executes a target statement as long as a given condition is true.

Syntax

The syntax of a while-do loop is −

while (condition) do S;

Where, condition is a Boolean or relational expression whose value would be true or false and S is a simple statement or group of statements within BEGIN ... END block.

For example,

while number>0 do
begin
   sum := sum + number;
   number := number - 2;
end;

When the condition becomes false, program control passes to the line immediately following the loop.

Flow Diagram

while-do loop in Pascal

Here, key point of the while loop is that the loop might not ever run. When the condition is tested and the result is false, the loop body will be skipped and the first statement after the while loop will be executed.

Example

program whileLoop;
var
   a: integer;

begin
   a := 10;
   while  a < 20  do
   
   begin
      writeln('value of a: ', a);
      a := a + 1;
   end;
end.

When the above code is compiled and executed, it produces the following result −

value of a: 10
value of a: 11
value of a: 12
value of a: 13
value of a: 14
value of a: 15
value of a: 16
value of a: 17
value of a: 18
value of a: 19

pascal_loops.htm

Advertisements