Microservices Design Patterns - Health Check

Problem Statement

Microservice architecture structures an application as a set of loosely coupled microservices and each service can be developed independently in agile manner to enable continous delivery/deployment. Now in case a database is down or cannot afford more connections then a monitoring system should raise alerts. Loadbalancer/service registry/api gateway should not redirect any request to such failed service instances. So we need to detect if a running service instance is able to take request(s) or not.


We can add a health check point to each service e.g. HTTP /health which returns the status of service health. This endpoint can perform the following tasks to check a service health −

  • Connections Availablity − Status of database connections or connections to infrastructure services used by current service.

  • Host Status − Status of host like disk space, cpu usage, memory usage etc.

  • Application specific logic − business logic determining service availablity.

Now a monitoring service e.g. load balancer, service registry periodically invokes the health check endpoint to check the health of the service instance.

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