Absloute path vs relative path in LinuxUnix

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  • Domain - www.linuxnix.com

  • Category - Linux/Administration

  • Submitted By - Surendra Anne

  • Submitted on - 2013-09-17 13:21:52


What is an absolute path?
An absolute path is defined as the specifying the location of a file or directory from the root directory(/). In other words we can say absolute path is a complete path from start of actual filesystem from / directory.

Some examples of absolute path:


If you see all these paths started from / directory which is a root directory for every Linux/Unix machines.

What is the relative path?
Relative path is defined as path related to the present working directory(pwd). Suppose I am located in /var/log and I want to change directory to /var/log/kernel. I can use relative path concept to change directory to kernel

changing directory to /var/log/kernel by using relative path concept.

cd kernel
Note: If you observe there is no / before kernel which indicates it's a relative directory to present working directory.

Changing directory to /var/log/kernel using absolute path concept.

cd /var/log/kernel
Note: We can use an absolute path from any location where as if you want to use relative path we should be present in a directory where we are going to specify relative to that present working directory. ...

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