JUnit - Executing Tests

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The test cases are executed using JUnitCore class. JUnitCore is a facade for running tests. It supports running JUnit 4 tests, JUnit 3.8.x tests, and mixtures. To run tests from the command line, run java org.junit.runner.JUnitCore <TestClass>. For one-shot test runs, use the static method runClasses(Class[]).

Following is the declaration for org.junit.runner.JUnitCore class:

public class JUnitCore extends java.lang.Object

Here we will see how can we execute the tests with the help of JUnitCore.

Create a Class

  • Create a java class to be tested say MessageUtil.java in C:\ > JUNIT_WORKSPACE

/*
* This class prints the given message on console.
*/
public class MessageUtil {

   private String message;

   //Constructor
   //@param message to be printed
   public MessageUtil(String message){
      this.message = message;
   }
      
   // prints the message
   public String printMessage(){
      System.out.println(message);
      return message;
   }   
}  

Create Test Case Class

  • Create a java test class say TestJunit.java.

  • Add a test method testPrintMessage() to your test class.

  • Add an Annotaion @Test to method testPrintMessage().

  • Implement the test condition and check the condition using assertEquals API of Junit.

Create a java class file name TestJunit.java in C:\ > JUNIT_WORKSPACE

import org.junit.Test;
import static org.junit.Assert.assertEquals;
public class TestJunit {
	
   String message = "Hello World";	
   MessageUtil messageUtil = new MessageUtil(message);

   @Test
   public void testPrintMessage() {
      assertEquals(message,messageUtil.printMessage());
   }
}

Create Test Runner Class

Next, let's create a java class file name TestRunner.java in C:\ > JUNIT_WORKSPACE to execute Test case(s) which import the JUnitCore class and uses the runClasses() method which take the test class name as parameter.

import org.junit.runner.JUnitCore;
import org.junit.runner.Result;
import org.junit.runner.notification.Failure;

public class TestRunner {
   public static void main(String[] args) {
      Result result = JUnitCore.runClasses(TestJunit.class);
      for (Failure failure : result.getFailures()) {
         System.out.println(failure.toString());
      }
      System.out.println(result.wasSuccessful());
   }
}  	

Compile the Test case and Test Runner classes using javac

C:\JUNIT_WORKSPACE>javac MessageUtil.java TestJunit.java TestRunner.java

Now run the Test Runner which will run test case defined in provided Test Case class.

C:\JUNIT_WORKSPACE>java TestRunner

Verify the output.

Hello World
true


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