Java.lang.Object.wait() Method

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Description

The java.lang.Object.wait(long timeout) causes current thread to wait until either another thread invokes the notify() method or the notifyAll() method for this object, or a specified amount of time has elapsed.

The current thread must own this object's monitor.

Declaration

Following is the declaration for java.lang.Object.wait() method

public final void wait(long timeout)

Parameters

  • timeout -- the maximum time to wait in milliseconds.

Return Value

This method does not return a value.

Exception

  • IllegalArgumentException -- if the value of timeout is negative.

  • IllegalMonitorStateException -- if the current thread is not the owner of the object's monitor.

  • InterruptedException -- if another thread has interrupted the current thread. The interrupted status of the current thread is cleared when this exception is thrown.

Example

The following example shows the usage of lang.Object.wait() method.

package com.tutorialspoint;

import java.util.Collections;
import java.util.LinkedList;
import java.util.List;

public class ObjectDemo extends Object {

   private List synchedList;

   public ObjectDemo() {
      // create a new synchronized list to be used
      synchedList = Collections.synchronizedList(new LinkedList());
   }

   // method used to remove an element from the list
   public String removeElement() throws InterruptedException {
      synchronized (synchedList) {

         // while the list is empty, wait up to 10 seconds
         while (synchedList.isEmpty()) {
            System.out.println("List is empty...");
            synchedList.wait(10000);
            System.out.println("Waiting...");
         }
         String element = (String) synchedList.remove(0);

         return element;
      }
   }

   // method to add an element in the list
   public void addElement(String element) {
      System.out.println("Opening...");
      synchronized (synchedList) {

         // add an element and notify all that an element exists
         synchedList.add(element);
         System.out.println("New Element:'" + element + "'");

         synchedList.notifyAll();
         System.out.println("notifyAll called!");
      }
      System.out.println("Closing...");
   }

   public static void main(String[] args) {
      final ObjectDemo demo = new ObjectDemo();

      Runnable runA = new Runnable() {

         public void run() {
            try {
               String item = demo.removeElement();
               System.out.println("" + item);
            } catch (InterruptedException ix) {
               System.out.println("Interrupted Exception!");
            } catch (Exception x) {
               System.out.println("Exception thrown.");
            }
         }
      };

      Runnable runB = new Runnable() {

         // run adds an element in the list and starts the loop
         public void run() {
            demo.addElement("Hello!");
         }
      };

      try {
         Thread threadA1 = new Thread(runA, "A");
         threadA1.start();

         Thread.sleep(500);

         Thread threadA2 = new Thread(runA, "B");
         threadA2.start();

         Thread.sleep(500);

         Thread threadB = new Thread(runB, "C");
         threadB.start();

         Thread.sleep(1000);

         threadA1.interrupt();
         threadA2.interrupt();
      } catch (InterruptedException x) {
      }
   }
}

Let us compile and run the above program, this will produce the following result:

List is empty...
List is empty...
Opening...
New Element:'Hello!'
notifyAll called!
Closing...
Waiting...
Hello!
Waiting...
List is empty...
Interrupted Exception!



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