Java.io.StreamTokenizer.nextToken() Method

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Description

The java.io.StreamTokenizer.nextToken() method parses the next token from the input stream of this tokenizer. The type of the next token is returned in the ttype field. Additional information about the token may be in the nval field or the sval field of this tokenizer. Typical clients of this class first set up the syntax tables and then sit in a loop calling nextToken to parse successive tokens until TT_EOF is returned.

Declaration

Following is the declaration for java.io.StreamTokenizer.nextToken() method

public int nextToken()

Parameters

  • NA

Return Value

This method returns the value of the ttype field.

Exception

  • IOException -- if an I/O error occurs.

Example

The following example shows the usage of java.io.StreamTokenizer.nextToken() method.

package com.tutorialspoint;

import java.io.*;

public class StreamTokenizerDemo {

   public static void main(String[] args) {

      String text = "Hello. This is a text \n that will be split "
              + "into tokens. 1+1=2";
      try {
         // create a new file with an ObjectOutputStream
         FileOutputStream out = new FileOutputStream("test.txt");
         ObjectOutputStream oout = new ObjectOutputStream(out);

         // write something in the file
         oout.writeUTF(text);
         oout.flush();

         // create an ObjectInputStream for the file we created before
         ObjectInputStream ois =
                 new ObjectInputStream(new FileInputStream("test.txt"));

         // create a new tokenizer
         Reader r = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(ois));
         StreamTokenizer st = new StreamTokenizer(r);

         // print the stream tokens
         boolean eof = false;
         do {

            int token = st.nextToken();
            switch (token) {
               case StreamTokenizer.TT_EOF:
                  System.out.println("End of File encountered.");
                  eof = true;
                  break;
               case StreamTokenizer.TT_EOL:
                  System.out.println("End of Line encountered.");
                  break;
               case StreamTokenizer.TT_WORD:
                  System.out.println("Word: " + st.sval);
                  break;
               case StreamTokenizer.TT_NUMBER:
                  System.out.println("Number: " + st.nval);
                  break;
               default:
                  System.out.println((char) token + " encountered.");
                  if (token == '!') {
                     eof = true;
                  }
            }
         } while (!eof);


      } catch (Exception ex) {
         ex.printStackTrace();
      }
   }
}

Let us compile and run the above program, this will produce the following result:

Word: Hello.
Word: This
Word: is
Word: a
Word: text
Word: that
Word: will
Word: be
Word: split
Word: into
Word: tokens.
Number: 1.0
+ encountered.
Number: 1.0
= encountered.
Number: 2.0
End of File encountered.



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