Java.io.DataInputStream.read() Method

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Description

The java.io.DataInputStream.read(byte[] b) method reads number of bytes from the contained input stream and allocate them in the buffer b. The method is blocked until input data is available, an exception is thrown or end of file is detected.

Declaration

Following is the declaration for java.io.DataInputStream.read(byte[] b) method:

public final int read(byte[] b)

Parameters

  • b -- the buffer array into which the data is read from this stream.

Return Value

Total number of bytes in the stream, else -1 if the stream has reached the end.

Exception

  • IOException -- if an I/O error occurs, the first byte cannot be read, or close() is invoked before this method.

  • NullPointerException -- if b is null.

Example

The following example shows the usage of java.io.DataInputStream.read(byte[] b) method.

package com.tutorialspoint;

import java.io.DataInputStream;
import java.io.FileInputStream;
import java.io.FileNotFoundException;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStream;

public class DataInputStreamDemo {
   public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException {
      
      InputStream is = null;
      DataInputStream dis = null;
      
      try{
         // create input stream from file input stream
         is = new FileInputStream("c:\\test.txt");
         
         // create data input stream
         dis = new DataInputStream(is);
         
         // count the available bytes form the input stream
         int count = is.available();
         
         // create buffer
         byte[] bs = new byte[count];
         
         // read data into buffer
         dis.read(bs);
         
         // for each byte in the buffer
         for (byte b:bs)
         {
            // convert byte into character
            char c = (char)b;
            
            // print the character
            System.out.print(c+" ");
         }
      }catch(Exception e){
         // if any I/O error occurs
         e.printStackTrace();
      }finally{
         
         // releases any associated system files with this stream
         if(is!=null)
            is.close();
         if(dis!=null)
            dis.close();
      }   
   }
}

Assuming we have a text file c:/test.txt, which has the following content. This will file will be used as an input for our example program:

ABCDEFGH

Let us compile and run the above program, this will produce the following result:

A B C D E F G H 



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