iOS - Buttons


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Use of Buttons

Buttons are used for handling user actions. It intercepts the touch events and sends message to the target object.

A Round Rect Button

iOS Tutorial

Button Properties in xib

You can change the button properties in xib in the attributes inspector in the utilities area (right side of the Window).

iOS Tutorial

Buttons Types

  • UIButtonTypeCustom
  • UIButtonTypeRoundedRect
  • UIButtonTypeDetailDisclosure
  • UIButtonTypeInfoLight
  • UIButtonTypeInfoDark
  • UIButtonTypeContactAdd

Important Properties

  • imageView
  • titleLabel

Important Methods

+ (id)buttonWithType:(UIButtonType)buttonType
- (UIImage *)backgroundImageForState:(UIControlState)state
- (UIImage *)imageForState:(UIControlState)state
- (void)setTitle:(NSString *)title forState:(UIControlState)state
- (void)addTarget:(id)target action:(SEL)action forControlEvents: (UIControlEvents) controlEvents

Add a Custom Method addDifferentTypesOfButton

-(void)addDifferentTypesOfButton
{
    // A rounded Rect button created by using class method
    UIButton *roundRectButton = [UIButton buttonWithType:
    UIButtonTypeRoundedRect];
    [roundRectButton setFrame:CGRectMake(60, 50, 200, 40)];
    // sets title for the button
    [roundRectButton setTitle:@"Rounded Rect Button" forState:
    UIControlStateNormal];
    [self.view addSubview:roundRectButton];
    
    UIButton *customButton = [UIButton buttonWithType: UIButtonTypeCustom];
    [customButton setBackgroundColor: [UIColor lightGrayColor]];
    [customButton setTitleColor:[UIColor blackColor] forState:
    UIControlStateHighlighted];
    //sets background image for normal state	
    [customButton setBackgroundImage:[UIImage imageNamed:
    @"Button_Default.png"] 
    forState:UIControlStateNormal];
    //sets background image for highlighted state
    [customButton setBackgroundImage:[UIImage imageNamed: 
    @"Button_Highlighted.png"] 
    forState:UIControlStateHighlighted];
    [customButton setFrame:CGRectMake(60, 100, 200, 40)];
    [customButton setTitle:@"Custom Button" forState:UIControlStateNormal];
    [self.view addSubview:customButton];
    
    UIButton *detailDisclosureButton = [UIButton buttonWithType:
    UIButtonTypeDetailDisclosure];
    [detailDisclosureButton setFrame:CGRectMake(60, 150, 200, 40)];
    [detailDisclosureButton setTitle:@"Detail disclosure" forState:
    UIControlStateNormal];
    [self.view addSubview:detailDisclosureButton];
    
    UIButton *contactButton = [UIButton buttonWithType:
    UIButtonTypeContactAdd];
    [contactButton setFrame:CGRectMake(60, 200, 200, 40)];
    [self.view addSubview:contactButton];
    
    UIButton *infoDarkButton = [UIButton buttonWithType:
    UIButtonTypeInfoDark];
    [infoDarkButton setFrame:CGRectMake(60, 250, 200, 40)];
    [self.view addSubview:infoDarkButton];
   
    UIButton *infoLightButton = [UIButton buttonWithType:
    UIButtonTypeInfoLight];
    [infoLightButton setFrame:CGRectMake(60, 300, 200, 40)];
    [self.view addSubview:infoLightButton];
}

Note

We have to add two images named as "Button_Default.png" and "Button_Highlighted.png" to our project, which can be done by dragging the images to our navigator area where our project files are listed.

Update viewDidLoad in ViewController.m as follows −

(void)viewDidLoad
{
	[super viewDidLoad];
	//The custom method to create our different types of button is called
	[self addDifferentTypesOfButton];
	//Do any additional setup after loading the view, typically from a nib
}

Output

When we run the application, we'll get the following output −

iOS Tutorial
ios_ui_elements.htm

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