GWT - Button Widget


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Introduction

The Button widget represents a standard push button.

Class Declaration

Following is the declaration for com.google.gwt.user.client.ui.Button class −

public class Button
   extends ButtonBase

CSS Style Rules

Following default CSS Style rule will be applied to all the Button widget. You can override it as per your requirements.

.gwt-Button { }

Class Constructors

Sr.No. Constructor & Description
1

Button()

Creates a button with no caption.

2

protected Button(Element element)

This constructor may be used by subclasses to explicitly use an existing element.

3

Button(java.lang.String html)

Creates a button with the given HTML caption.

4

Button(java.lang.String html, ClickListener listener)

Creates a button with the given HTML caption and click listener.

Class Methods

Sr.No. Function name & Description
1

click()

Programmatic equivalent of the user clicking the button.

2

static Button wrap(Element element)

Creates a Button widget that wraps an existing <a> element.

Methods Inherited

This class inherits methods from the following classes −

  • com.google.gwt.user.client.ui.UIObject

  • com.google.gwt.user.client.ui.Widget

  • com.google.gwt.user.client.ui.FocusWidget

  • com.google.gwt.user.client.ui.ButtonBase

  • java.lang.Object

Button Widget Example

This example will take you through simple steps to show usage of a Button Widget in GWT. Follow the following steps to update the GWT application we created in GWT - Create Application chapter −

Step Description
1 Create a project with a name HelloWorld under a package com.tutorialspoint as explained in the GWT - Create Application chapter.
2 Modify HelloWorld.gwt.xml, HelloWorld.css, HelloWorld.html and HelloWorld.java as explained below. Keep rest of the files unchanged.
3 Compile and run the application to verify the result of the implemented logic.

Following is the content of the modified module descriptor src/com.tutorialspoint/HelloWorld.gwt.xml.

<?xml version = "1.0" encoding = "UTF-8"?>
<module rename-to = 'helloworld'>
   <!-- Inherit the core Web Toolkit stuff.                        -->
   <inherits name = 'com.google.gwt.user.User'/>

   <!-- Inherit the default GWT style sheet.                       -->
   <inherits name = 'com.google.gwt.user.theme.clean.Clean'/>

   <!-- Specify the app entry point class.                         -->
   <entry-point class = 'com.tutorialspoint.client.HelloWorld'/>

   <!-- Specify the paths for translatable code                    -->
   <source path = 'client'/>
   <source path = 'shared'/>

</module>

Following is the content of the modified Style Sheet file war/HelloWorld.css.

body {
   text-align: center;
   font-family: verdana, sans-serif;
}

h1 {
   font-size: 2em;
   font-weight: bold;
   color: #777777;
   margin: 40px 0px 70px;
   text-align: center;
}

.gwt-Button { 
   color:red;   
}

.gwt-Green-Button { 
   color:green;   
}

.gwt-Blue-Button { 
   color:blue;   
}

Following is the content of the modified HTML host file war/HelloWorld.html.

<html>
   <head>
      <title>Hello World</title>
      <link rel = "stylesheet" href = "HelloWorld.css"/>
      <script language = "javascript" src = "helloworld/helloworld.nocache.js">
      </script>
   </head>

   <body>
      <h1>Button Widget Demonstration</h1>
      <div id = "gwtContainer"></div>
   </body>
</html>

Let us have following content of Java file src/com.tutorialspoint/HelloWorld.java which will demonstrate use of Button widget.

package com.tutorialspoint.client;

import com.google.gwt.core.client.EntryPoint;
import com.google.gwt.event.dom.client.ClickEvent;
import com.google.gwt.event.dom.client.ClickHandler;
import com.google.gwt.user.client.Window;
import com.google.gwt.user.client.ui.Button;
import com.google.gwt.user.client.ui.RootPanel;
import com.google.gwt.user.client.ui.VerticalPanel;

public class HelloWorld implements EntryPoint {
   public void onModuleLoad() {
	  
      //create buttons
      Button redButton = new Button("Red");
      Button greenButton = new Button("Green");
      Button blueButton = new Button("Blue");
      
      // use UIObject methods to set button properties.
      redButton.setWidth("100px");
      greenButton.setWidth("100px");
      blueButton.setWidth("100px");
      greenButton.addStyleName("gwt-Green-Button");
      blueButton.addStyleName("gwt-Blue-Button");
      
      //add a clickListener to the button
      redButton.addClickHandler(new ClickHandler() {
         @Override
         public void onClick(ClickEvent event) {
            Window.alert("Red Button clicked!");
         }
      });

      //add a clickListener to the button
      greenButton.addClickHandler(new ClickHandler() {
         @Override
         public void onClick(ClickEvent event) {
            Window.alert("Green Button clicked!");
         }
      });

      //add a clickListener to the button
      blueButton.addClickHandler(new ClickHandler() {
         @Override
         public void onClick(ClickEvent event) {
            Window.alert("Blue Button clicked!");
         }
      });

      // Add button to the root panel.
      VerticalPanel panel = new VerticalPanel();
      panel.setSpacing(10);
      panel.add(redButton);
      panel.add(greenButton);
      panel.add(blueButton);
      
      RootPanel.get("gwtContainer").add(panel);
   }	
}

Once you are ready with all the changes done, let us compile and run the application in development mode as we did in GWT - Create Application chapter. If everything is fine with your application, this will produce following result −

GWT Button Widget

When you click Click Me button, it will show an alert message Hello World!


gwt_form_widgets.htm

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