Git - Handling Conflicts

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Perform changes in wchar_support branch

Jerry is working in wchar_support branch. He changes the name of the functions and after testing he commits his changes.

[jerry@CentOS src]$ git branch
 master
* wchar_support
[jerry@CentOS src]$ git diff

Above command produces the following result:

diff --git a/src/string_operations.c b/src/string_operations.c
index 8fb4b00..01ff4e0 100644
--- a/src/string_operations.c
+++ b/src/string_operations.c
@@ -1,7 +1,7 @@
#include <stdio.h>
#include <wchar.h>
-size_t w_strlen(const wchar_t *s)
+size_t my_wstrlen(const wchar_t *s)
{
const wchar_t *p = s;

After verifying code he commits his changes.

[jerry@CentOS src]$ git status -s
M string_operations.c

[jerry@CentOS src]$ git add string_operations.c

[jerry@CentOS src]$ git commit -m 'Changed function name'
[wchar_support 3789fe8] Changed function name
1 files changed, 1 insertions(+), 1 deletions(-)

[jerry@CentOS src]$ git push origin wchar_support

Above command will produce the following result:

Counting objects: 7, done.
Compressing objects: 100% (4/4), done.
Writing objects: 100% (4/4), 409 bytes, done.
Total 4 (delta 1), reused 0 (delta 0)
To gituser@git.server.com:project.git
64192f9..3789fe8 wchar_support -> wchar_support

Perfrom changes in master branch

Meanwhile in the master branch Tom also changes the name of the same function and pushes his changes to the master branch.

[tom@CentOS src]$ git branch
* master
[tom@CentOS src]$ git diff

Above command produces the following result:

diff --git a/src/string_operations.c b/src/string_operations.c
index 8fb4b00..52bec84 100644
--- a/src/string_operations.c
+++ b/src/string_operations.c
@@ -1,7 +1,8 @@
#include <stdio.h>
#include <wchar.h>
-size_t w_strlen(const wchar_t *s)
+/* wide character strlen fucntion */
+size_t my_wc_strlen(const wchar_t *s)
{
const wchar_t *p = s;

After verifying diff he commits his changes.

[tom@CentOS src]$ git status -s
M string_operations.c

[tom@CentOS src]$ git add string_operations.c

[tom@CentOS src]$ git commit -m 'Changed function name from w_strlen to my_wc_strlen'
[master ad4b530] Changed function name from w_strlen to my_wc_strlen
1 files changed, 2 insertions(+), 1 deletions(-)

[tom@CentOS src]$ git push origin master

Above command will produce the following result:

Counting objects: 7, done.
Compressing objects: 100% (4/4), done.
Writing objects: 100% (4/4), 470 bytes, done.
Total 4 (delta 1), reused 0 (delta 0)
To gituser@git.server.com:project.git
64192f9..ad4b530 master -> master

In wchar_support branch, Jerry implements strchr function for wide character string. After testing, he commits and pushes his changes to the wchar_support branch.

[jerry@CentOS src]$ git branch
master
* wchar_support
[jerry@CentOS src]$ git diff

Above command produces the following result:

diff --git a/src/string_operations.c b/src/string_operations.c
index 01ff4e0..163a779 100644
--- a/src/string_operations.c
+++ b/src/string_operations.c
@@ -1,6 +1,16 @@
#include <stdio.h>
#include <wchar.h>
+wchar_t *my_wstrchr(wchar_t *ws, wchar_t wc)
+{
+
while (*ws) {
+
if (*ws == wc)
+
return ws;
+
++ws;
+ }
+ return NULL;
+}
+
size_t my_wstrlen(const wchar_t *s)
{
const wchar_t *p = s;

After verifying changes, he commit his changes.

[jerry@CentOS src]$ git status -s
M string_operations.c

[jerry@CentOS src]$ git add string_operations.c

[jerry@CentOS src]$ git commit -m 'Addded strchr function for wide character string'
[wchar_support 9d201a9] Addded strchr function for wide character string
1 files changed, 10 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)

[jerry@CentOS src]$ git push origin wchar_support

Above command will produce the following result:

Counting objects: 7, done.
Compressing objects: 100% (4/4), done.
Writing objects: 100% (4/4), 516 bytes, done.
Total 4 (delta 1), reused 0 (delta 0)
To gituser@git.server.com:project.git
3789fe8..9d201a9 wchar_support -> wchar_support

Tackle conflicts

Tom wanted to see what Jerry is doing in his private branch? That is why he tries to pull latest changes from wchar_support branch but Git aborts operation with following error message.

[tom@CentOS src]$ git pull origin wchar_support

Above command produces the following result:

remote: Counting objects: 11, done.
63Git Tutorials
remote: Compressing objects: 100% (8/8), done.
remote: Total 8 (delta 2), reused 0 (delta 0)
Unpacking objects: 100% (8/8), done.
From git.server.com:project
* branch
wchar_support -> FETCH_HEAD
Auto-merging src/string_operations.c
CONFLICT (content): Merge conflict in src/string_operations.c
Automatic merge failed; fix conflicts and then commit the result.

Resolve conflicts

From error message, it is clear that there is conflict in src/string_operations.c . He runs git diff command to view further details.

[tom@CentOS src]$ git diff

Above command produces the following result:

diff --cc src/string_operations.c
index 52bec84,163a779..0000000
--- a/src/string_operations.c
+++ b/src/string_operations.c
@@@ -1,8 -1,17 +1,22 @@@
#include <stdio.h>
#include <wchar.h>
++<<<<<<< HEAD
+/* wide character strlen fucntion */
+size_t my_wc_strlen(const wchar_t *s)
++=======
+ wchar_t *my_wstrchr(wchar_t *ws, wchar_t wc)
+{
+
+
while (*ws) {
if (*ws == wc)
+
return ws;
+
++ws;
+ }
+ return NULL;
+}
+
+ size_t my_wstrlen(const wchar_t *s)
++>>>>>>>9d201a9c61bc4713f4095175f8954b642dae8f86
{
const wchar_t *p = s;

As both Tom and Jerry changed name of the same function, Git doesn’t know what to do that is why it asks user to resolve conflict manually.

Tom decides to keep function name suggested by Jerry, but he keeps comment as it is which is added by him. After removing conflict markers, git diff will look like this.

[tom@CentOS src]$ git diff

Above command produces the following result.

diff --cc src/string_operations.c
diff --cc src/string_operations.c
index 52bec84,163a779..0000000
--- a/src/string_operations.c
+++ b/src/string_operations.c
@@@ -1,8 -1,17 +1,18 @@@
#include <stdio.h>
#include <wchar.h>
+ wchar_t *my_wstrchr(wchar_t *ws, wchar_t wc)
+{
+
while (*ws) {
+
if (*ws == wc)
+
return ws;
+
++ws;
+ }
+ return NULL;
+}
+
+/* wide character strlen fucntion */
- size_t my_wc_strlen(const wchar_t *s)
+ size_t my_wstrlen(const wchar_t *s)
{
const wchar_t *p = s;

As Tom modified files, he has to commit these changes first and after that he can pull changes.

[tom@CentOS src]$ git commit -a -m 'Resolved conflict'
[master 6b1ac36] Resolved conflict

[tom@CentOS src]$ git pull origin wchar_support.

Tom has resolved conflict, now pull operation will succeed.



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