Git - Environment Setup


Before you can use Git, you have to install and do some basic configuration changes. Below are the steps to install Git client on Ubuntu and Centos Linux.

Installation of Git Client

If you are using Debian base GNU/Linux distribution, then apt-get command will do the needful.

[ubuntu ~]$ sudo apt-get install git-core
[sudo] password for ubuntu:

[ubuntu ~]$ git --version
git version

And if you are using RPM based GNU/Linux distribution, then use yum command as given.

[CentOS ~]$
su -

[CentOS ~]# yum -y install git-core

[CentOS ~]# git --version
git version 1.7.1

Customize Git Environment

Git provides the git config tool, which allows you to set configuration variables. Git stores all global configurations in .gitconfig file, which is located in your home directory. To set these configuration values as global, add the --global option, and if you omit --global option, then your configurations are specific for the current Git repository.

You can also set up system wide configuration. Git stores these values in the /etc/gitconfig file, which contains the configuration for every user and repository on the system. To set these values, you must have the root rights and use the --system option.

When the above code is compiled and executed, it produces the following result:

Setting username

This information is used by Git for each commit.

[jerry@CentOS project]$ git config --global "Jerry Mouse"

Setting email id

This information is used by Git for each commit.

[jerry@CentOS project]$ git config --global ""

Avoid merge commits for pulling

You pull the latest changes from a remote repository, and if these changes are divergent, then by default Git creates merge commits. We can avoid this via following settings.

jerry@CentOS project]$ git config --global branch.autosetuprebase always

Color highlighting

The following commands enable color highlighting for Git in the console.

[jerry@CentOS project]$ git config --global color.ui true

[jerry@CentOS project]$ git config --global color.status auto

[jerry@CentOS project]$ git config --global color.branch auto

Setting default editor

By default, Git uses the system default editor, which is taken from the VISUAL or EDITOR environment variable. We can configure a different one by using git config.

[jerry@CentOS project]$ git config --global core.editor vim

Setting default merge tool

Git does not provide a default merge tool for integrating conflicting changes into your working tree. We can set default merge tool by enabling following settings.

[jerry@CentOS project]$ git config --global merge.tool vimdiff

Listing Git settings

To verify your Git settings of the local repository, use git config –list command as given below.

[jerry@CentOS ~]$ git config --list

The above command will produce the following result. Mouse