C - nested if statements

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It is always legal in C programming to nest if-else statements, which means you can use one if or else if statement inside another if or else if statement(s).

Syntax:

The syntax for a nested if statement is as follows:

if( boolean_expression 1)
{
   /* Executes when the boolean expression 1 is true */
   if(boolean_expression 2)
   {
      /* Executes when the boolean expression 2 is true */
   }
}

You can nest else if...else in the similar way as you have nested if statement.

Example:

#include <stdio.h>
 
int main ()
{
   /* local variable definition */
   int a = 100;
   int b = 200;
 
   /* check the boolean condition */
   if( a == 100 )
   {
       /* if condition is true then check the following */
       if( b == 200 )
       {
          /* if condition is true then print the following */
          printf("Value of a is 100 and b is 200\n" );
       }
   }
   printf("Exact value of a is : %d\n", a );
   printf("Exact value of b is : %d\n", b );
 
   return 0;
}

When the above code is compiled and executed, it produces the following result:

Value of a is 100 and b is 200
Exact value of a is : 100
Exact value of b is : 200


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