Computer - Applications
Following list demonstrates the various applications of Computers in today's arena.
The computer's characteristic as high speed of calculation, diligence, accuracy, reliability, or versatility has made it an integrated part in all business organisations.
Computer is used in business organisation for:
Managing employees database
Maintenance of stocks, etc.
Today Banking is almost totally dependent on computer.
Banks provide following facilities:
Banks on-line accounting facility, which includes current balances, deposits, overdrafts, interest charges, shares and trustee records.
ATM machines are making it even easier for customers to deal with banks.
Insurance companies are keeping all records up-to-date with the help of computers. The Insurance Companies, Finance houses and Stock broking firms are widely using computers for their concerns.
Insurance Companies are maintaining a database of all clients with information showing:
how to continue with policies
starting date of the policies
next due instalment of a policy
The computer has provided a lot of facilities in the Education System.
The uses of computer provide a tool in the Education system known as CBE (Computer Based Education).
CBE involves Control, Delivery and Evaluation of learning.
The computer education is very familiar and rapidly increasing the graph of computer students.
There are number of methods in which educational institutions can use computer to educate the students.
It is used for prepare a database about student performance and analyses are carried out.
In Marketing uses of computer are following:
Advertising: With computers, advertising professionals create art and graphics, write and revise copy, and print and disseminate ads with the goal of selling more products.
At Home Shopping: Home shopping has been made possible through use of computerised catalogues that provide access to product information and permit direct entry of orders to be filled by the customers.
Computers have become important part in all Medical Systems.
The computers are being used in hospitals to keep the record of patients and medicines. It is also used in scanning and diagnosing different diseases. ECG, EEG, Ultrasounds and CT Scans, etc., are also done by computerised machines.
Some of major fields of health care in which computers are used:
Diagnostic System: Computers are used to collect data and identify cause of illness.
Lab-diagnostic System: All tests can be done and reports are prepared by computer.
Patient Monitoring System: These are used to check patient's signs for abnormality such as in Cardiac Arrest, ECG, etc.
Pharma Information System: Computer checks Drug-Labels, Expiry dates, harmful drug side effects, etc.
Nowadays, computers are also used in performing surgery.
Computers are widely used in Engineering purposes.
One of major areas is CAD (Computer aided design). CAD provides creation, edition, and modification of image. Some fields are:
Structural Engineering: Requires stress and strain analysis required for design of Ships, Buildings, Budgets, Airplanes, etc.
Industrial Engineering: Computers deal with design, implementation and improvement of Integrated systems of people, materials and equipments.
Architectural Engineering: Computers help in planning towns, designing buildings, determining a range of buildings on a site using both 2D and 3D drawings.
Computers are largely used in defence. Modern tanks, missiles, weapons, etc., employ computerised control systems. Some military areas where a computer has been used are:
Military operation and planning
Communication means to convey a message, an idea, a picture or speech that is received and understood clearly and correctly by the person for whom it is meant. Some main areas in this category are:
Computers play an important role in government applications. Some major fields in this category are:
Sales tax department
Income tax department
Computerization of voters lists
Computerization of Driving Licensing system
Computerization of PAN card