Computer - Applications

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Following list demonstrates the various applications of Computers in today's arena.

Business

The computer's characteristic as high speed of calculation, diligence, accuracy, reliability, or versatility has made it an integrated part in all business organisations.

Computer is used in business organisation for:

  • Payroll Calculations

  • Budgeting

  • Sales Analysis

  • Financial forecasting

  • Managing employees database

  • Maintenance of stocks, etc.

Computer in Business

Banking

Today Banking is almost totally dependent on computer.

Banks provide following facilities:

  • Banks on-line accounting facility, which includes current balances, deposits, overdrafts, interest charges, shares and trustee records.

  • ATM machines are making it even easier for customers to deal with banks.

Computer in Banking

Insurance

Insurance companies are keeping all records up-to-date with the help of computers. The Insurance Companies, Finance houses and Stock broking firms are widely using computers for their concerns.

Insurance Companies are maintaining a database of all clients with information showing:

  • how to continue with policies

  • starting date of the policies

  • next due instalment of a policy

  • maturity date

  • interests due

  • survival benefits

  • bonus

Computer in Insurance

Education

The computer has provided a lot of facilities in the Education System.

  • The uses of computer provide a tool in the Education system known as CBE (Computer Based Education).

  • CBE involves Control, Delivery and Evaluation of learning.

  • The computer education is very familiar and rapidly increasing the graph of computer students.

  • There are number of methods in which educational institutions can use computer to educate the students.

  • It is used for prepare a database about student performance and analyses are carried out.

Computer in Education

Marketing

In Marketing uses of computer are following:

  • Advertising: With computers, advertising professionals create art and graphics, write and revise copy, and print and disseminate ads with the goal of selling more products.

  • At Home Shopping: Home shopping has been made possible through use of computerised catalogues that provide access to product information and permit direct entry of orders to be filled by the customers.

Computer in Marketing

Health Care

Computers have become important part in all Medical Systems.

The computers are being used in hospitals to keep the record of patients and medicines. It is also used in scanning and diagnosing different diseases. ECG, EEG, Ultrasounds and CT Scans, etc., are also done by computerised machines.

Some of major fields of health care in which computers are used:

  • Diagnostic System: Computers are used to collect data and identify cause of illness.

  • Lab-diagnostic System: All tests can be done and reports are prepared by computer.

  • Patient Monitoring System: These are used to check patient's signs for abnormality such as in Cardiac Arrest, ECG, etc.

  • Pharma Information System: Computer checks Drug-Labels, Expiry dates, harmful drug side effects, etc.

  • Nowadays, computers are also used in performing surgery.

Computer in Health Care

Engineering Design

Computers are widely used in Engineering purposes.

One of major areas is CAD (Computer aided design). CAD provides creation, edition, and modification of image. Some fields are:

  • Structural Engineering: Requires stress and strain analysis required for design of Ships, Buildings, Budgets, Airplanes, etc.

  • Industrial Engineering: Computers deal with design, implementation and improvement of Integrated systems of people, materials and equipments.

  • Architectural Engineering: Computers help in planning towns, designing buildings, determining a range of buildings on a site using both 2D and 3D drawings.

Computer in Engineering Design

Military

Computers are largely used in defence. Modern tanks, missiles, weapons, etc., employ computerised control systems. Some military areas where a computer has been used are:

  • Missile Control

  • Military Communication

  • Military operation and planning

  • Smart Weapons

Computer in Military

Communication

Communication means to convey a message, an idea, a picture or speech that is received and understood clearly and correctly by the person for whom it is meant. Some main areas in this category are:

  • E-mail

  • Chatting

  • Usenet

  • FTP

  • Telnet

  • Video-conferencing

Computer in Communication

Government Applications

Computers play an important role in government applications. Some major fields in this category are:

  • Budgets

  • Sales tax department

  • Income tax department

  • Male/Female ratio

  • Computerization of voters lists

  • Computerization of Driving Licensing system

  • Computerization of PAN card

  • Weather Forecasting.

Computer in Government Applications

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