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XML-RPC Request Format

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XML-RPC requests are a combination of XML content and HTTP headers. The XML content uses the data typing structure to pass parameters and contains additional information identifying which procedure is being called, while the HTTP headers provide a wrapper for passing the request over the Web.

Each request contains a single XML document, whose root element is a methodCall element. Each methodCall element contains a methodName element and a params element. The methodName element identifies the name of the procedure to be called, while the params element contains a list of parameters and their values. Each params element includes a list of param elements which in turn contain value elements.

For example, to pass a request to a method called circleArea , which takes a Double parameter (for the radius), the XML-RPC request would look like:

<?xml version="1.0"?>
<methodCall>
   <methodName>circleArea</methodName>
      <params>
         <param>
            <value><double>2.41</double></value>
         </param>
      </params>
</methodCall>

The HTTP headers for these requests will reflect the senders and the content. The basic template looks like:

POST /target HTTP 1.0
User-Agent: Identifier
Host: host.making.request
Content-Type: text/xml
Content-Length: length of request in bytes

For example, if the circleArea method were available from an XML-RPC server listening at /xmlrpc, the request might look like:

POST /xmlrpc HTTP 1.0
User-Agent: myXMLRPCClient/1.0
Host: 192.168.124.2
Content-Type: text/xml
Content-Length: 169

Assembled, the entire request would look like:

POST /xmlrpc HTTP 1.0
User-Agent: myXMLRPCClient/1.0
Host: 192.168.124.2
Content-Type: text/xml
Content-Length: 169
<?xml version="1.0"?>
<methodCall>
   <methodName>circleArea</methodName>
      <params>
         <param>
            <value><double>2.41</double></value>
         </param>
      </params>
</methodCall>

It's an ordinary HTTP request, with a carefully constructed payload.


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