WML <template> Tag

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The <template> is used to apply <do> and <onevent> elements to all cards in a deck. This element defines a template for all the cards in a deck and the code in the <template> tag is added to each card in the deck.

You can override a <do> element of a template by defining another <do> element with the same name attribute value in a WML card.

Attributes:

The <template> element supports the following attributes:

AttributeValueDescription
onenterbackwardURLOccurs when the user navigates into a card using a "prev" task
onenterforwardURLOccurs when the user navigates into a card using a "go" task
ontimerURLOccurs when the "timer" expires
classclass dataSets a class name for the element.
idelement IDA unique ID for the element.

Example:

Following is the example showing usage of this element:

<?xml version="1.0"?>
<!DOCTYPE wml PUBLIC "-//WAPFORUM//DTD WML 1.3//EN" 
"http://www.wapforum.org/DTD/wml13.dtd">

<wml>
  <template>
    <do name="main_menu" type="accept" label="Chapters">
      <go href="chapters"/>
    </do>
    <do name="menu_1" type="accept" label="Chapter 1">

      <go href="#chapter1"/>
    </do>
    <do name="menu_2" type="accept" label="Chapter 2">
      <go href="#chapter2"/>
    </do>
    <do name="menu_3" type="accept" label="Chapter 3">

      <go href="#chapter3"/>
    </do>
    <do name="menu_4" type="accept" label="Chapter 4">
      <go href="#chapter4"/>
    </do>
  </template>

  <card id="chapters" title="WML Tutorial">
    <p>
      Select One Chapter:<br/>
      <anchor>
        <go href="#chapter1"/>

        Chapter 1: WML Overview
      </anchor><br />

      <anchor>
        <go href="#chapter2"/>
        Chapter 2: WML Environment
      </anchor><br />

      <anchor>
        <go href="#chapter3"/>
        Chapter 3: WML Syntax
      </anchor><br />

      <anchor>
        <go href="#chapter4"/>

        Chapter 4: WML Elements
      </anchor><br />
    </p>
  </card>

  <card id="chapter1" title="WML Tutorial Ch1">
    <p>

      <em>Chapter 1: WML Introduction</em><br/>
      ...
    </p>
  </card>

  <card id="chapter2" title="WML Tutorial Ch2">

    <p>
      <em>Chapter 2: WML Environment</em><br/>
      ...
    </p>
  </card>

  <card id="chapter3" title="WML Tutorial Ch3">
    <p>
      <em>Chapter 3: WML Syntax</em><br/>
      ...
    </p>
  </card>

  <card id="chapter4" title="WML Tutorial Ch4">
    <p>
      <em>Chapter 4: WML Elements</em><br/>
      ...
    </p>

  </card>
</wml>

This will produce the following menu and now you can navigate through all the chapters:

WAP Example 11


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