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pr - Unix, Linux Command

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pr - convert text files for printing


pr [OPTION]... [FILE]...


Paginate or columnate FILE(s) for printing.

Mandatory arguments to long options are mandatory for short options too.

  begin [stop] printing with page FIRST_[LAST_]PAGE
-COLUMN, --columns=COLUMN
  output COLUMN columns and print columns down, unless -a is used. Balance number of lines in the columns on each page.
-a, --across
  print columns across rather than down, used together with -COLUMN
-c, --show-control-chars
  use hat notation (^G) and octal backslash notation
-d, --double-space
  double space the output
-D, --date-format=FORMAT
  use FORMAT for the header date
-e[CHAR[WIDTH]], --expand-tabs[=CHAR[WIDTH]]
  expand input CHARs (TABs) to tab WIDTH (8)
-F, -f, --form-feed
  use form feeds instead of newlines to separate pages (by a 3-line page header with -F or a 5-line header and trailer without -F)
-h HEADER, --header=HEADER
  use a centered HEADER instead of filename in page header, -h "" prints a blank line, don’t use -h""
-i[CHAR[WIDTH]], --output-tabs[=CHAR[WIDTH]]
  replace spaces with CHARs (TABs) to tab WIDTH (8)
-J, --join-lines
  merge full lines, turns off -W line truncation, no column alignment, --sep-string[=STRING] sets separators
  set the page length to PAGE_LENGTH (66) lines (default number of lines of text 56, and with -F 63)
-m, --merge
  print all files in parallel, one in each column, truncate lines, but join lines of full length with -J
-n[SEP[DIGITS]], --number-lines[=SEP[DIGITS]]
  number lines, use DIGITS (5) digits, then SEP (TAB), default counting starts with 1st line of input file
-N NUMBER, --first-line-number=NUMBER
  start counting with NUMBER at 1st line of first page printed (see +FIRST_PAGE)
-o MARGIN, --indent=MARGIN
  offset each line with MARGIN (zero) spaces, do not affect -w or -W, MARGIN will be added to PAGE_WIDTH
-r, --no-file-warnings
  omit warning when a file cannot be opened
  separate columns by a single character, default for CHAR is the <TAB> character without -w and ’no char’ with -w -s[CHAR] turns off line truncation of all 3 column options (-COLUMN|-a -COLUMN|-m) except -w is set
-SSTRING, --sep-string[=STRING]
  separate columns by STRING, without -S: Default separator <TAB> with -J and <space> otherwise (same as -S" "), no effect on column options
-t, --omit-header omit page headers and trailers
-T, --omit-pagination
  omit page headers and trailers, eliminate any pagination by form feeds set in input files
-v, --show-nonprinting
  use octal backslash notation
  set page width to PAGE_WIDTH (72) characters for multiple text-column output only, -s[char] turns off (72)
-W PAGE_WIDTH, --page-width=PAGE_WIDTH
  set page width to PAGE_WIDTH (72) characters always, truncate lines, except -J option is set, no interference with -S or -s
--help display this help and exit
  output version information and exit
-T implied by -l nn when nn <= 10 or <= 3 with -F. With no FILE, or when FILE is -, read standard input.


Written by Pete TerMaat and Roland Huebner.


Report bugs to <>.


Copyright © 2006 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
This is free software. You may redistribute copies of it under the terms of the GNU General Public License <>. There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.


pr is maintained as a Texinfo manual. If the info and pr programs are properly installed at your site, the command
info pr
should give you access to the complete manual.
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