Struts 2 - The text tags


The text tag is a generic tag that is used to render a I18n text message. Follow one of the three steps:

  • The message must be in a resource bundle with the same name as the action that it is associated with. In practice this means that you should create a properties file in the same package as your Java class with the same name as your class, but with .properties extension.

  • If the named message is not found, then the body of the tag will be used as default message.

  • If no body is used, then the name of the message will be used.

Let us check the following example to understand the usage of text tag:

Create action classes

package com.tutorialspoint.struts2;

public class HelloWorldAction{
   private String name;

   public String execute() throws Exception {
      return "success";
   public String getName() {
      return name;

   public void setName(String name) { = name;

Create views

Let us have HelloWorld.jsp with the following content:

<%@ taglib prefix="s" uri="/struts-tags"%>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN" 
<title>Text Tag Example</title>
<s:i18n name="HelloWorldAction">
   <s:text name="name.success"/><br>
   <s:text name="">Message doesn't exists</s:text><br>
   <s:text name="name.msg.param">
      <s:param >ZARA</s:param>


Configuration Files

Let us create a property file with the same name as of your action class package name. So in this case we will create file and keep in the class path:

name.success = This is success message
name.msg.param = The param example - param : {0}

Your struts.xml should look like:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
    "-//Apache Software Foundation//DTD Struts Configuration 2.0//EN"

   <constant name="struts.devMode" value="true" />
   <constant name="struts.custom.i18n.resources" 
   <package name="helloaction" extends="struts-default">
      <action name="hello" 
         <result name="success">/HelloWorld.jsp</result>

Your web.xml should look like:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<web-app xmlns:xsi=""
   id="WebApp_ID" version="3.0">
   <display-name>Struts 2</display-name>


Right click on the project name and click Export > WAR File to create a War file. Then deploy this WAR in the Tomcat's webapps directory. Finally, start Tomcat server and try to access URL http://localhost:8080/HelloWorldStruts2/hello.action. This will give you following screen:

Struts text tag