SQL CARTESIAN or CROSS JOINS

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The CARTESIAN JOIN or CROSS JOIN returns the Cartesian product of the sets of records from the two or more joined tables. Thus, it equates to an inner join where the join-condition always evaluates to True or where the join-condition is absent from the statement.

Syntax:

The basic syntax of INNER JOIN is as follows:

SELECT table1.column1, table2.column2...
FROM  table1, table2 [, table3 ]

Example:

Consider the following two tables, (a) CUSTOMERS table is as follows:

+----+----------+-----+-----------+----------+
| ID | NAME     | AGE | ADDRESS   | SALARY   |
+----+----------+-----+-----------+----------+
|  1 | Ramesh   |  32 | Ahmedabad |  2000.00 |
|  2 | Khilan   |  25 | Delhi     |  1500.00 |
|  3 | kaushik  |  23 | Kota      |  2000.00 |
|  4 | Chaitali |  25 | Mumbai    |  6500.00 |
|  5 | Hardik   |  27 | Bhopal    |  8500.00 |
|  6 | Komal    |  22 | MP        |  4500.00 |
|  7 | Muffy    |  24 | Indore    | 10000.00 |
+----+----------+-----+-----------+----------+

(b) Another table is ORDERS as follows:

+-----+---------------------+-------------+--------+
|OID  | DATE                | CUSTOMER_ID | AMOUNT |
+-----+---------------------+-------------+--------+
| 102 | 2009-10-08 00:00:00 |           3 |   3000 |
| 100 | 2009-10-08 00:00:00 |           3 |   1500 |
| 101 | 2009-11-20 00:00:00 |           2 |   1560 |
| 103 | 2008-05-20 00:00:00 |           4 |   2060 |
+-----+---------------------+-------------+--------+

Now, let us join these two tables using INNER JOIN as follows:

SQL> SELECT  ID, NAME, AMOUNT, DATE
     FROM CUSTOMERS, ORDERS;

This would produce the following result:

+----+----------+--------+---------------------+
| ID | NAME     | AMOUNT | DATE                |
+----+----------+--------+---------------------+
|  1 | Ramesh   |   3000 | 2009-10-08 00:00:00 |
|  1 | Ramesh   |   1500 | 2009-10-08 00:00:00 |
|  1 | Ramesh   |   1560 | 2009-11-20 00:00:00 |
|  1 | Ramesh   |   2060 | 2008-05-20 00:00:00 |
|  2 | Khilan   |   3000 | 2009-10-08 00:00:00 |
|  2 | Khilan   |   1500 | 2009-10-08 00:00:00 |
|  2 | Khilan   |   1560 | 2009-11-20 00:00:00 |
|  2 | Khilan   |   2060 | 2008-05-20 00:00:00 |
|  3 | kaushik  |   3000 | 2009-10-08 00:00:00 |
|  3 | kaushik  |   1500 | 2009-10-08 00:00:00 |
|  3 | kaushik  |   1560 | 2009-11-20 00:00:00 |
|  3 | kaushik  |   2060 | 2008-05-20 00:00:00 |
|  4 | Chaitali |   3000 | 2009-10-08 00:00:00 |
|  4 | Chaitali |   1500 | 2009-10-08 00:00:00 |
|  4 | Chaitali |   1560 | 2009-11-20 00:00:00 |
|  4 | Chaitali |   2060 | 2008-05-20 00:00:00 |
|  5 | Hardik   |   3000 | 2009-10-08 00:00:00 |
|  5 | Hardik   |   1500 | 2009-10-08 00:00:00 |
|  5 | Hardik   |   1560 | 2009-11-20 00:00:00 |
|  5 | Hardik   |   2060 | 2008-05-20 00:00:00 |
|  6 | Komal    |   3000 | 2009-10-08 00:00:00 |
|  6 | Komal    |   1500 | 2009-10-08 00:00:00 |
|  6 | Komal    |   1560 | 2009-11-20 00:00:00 |
|  6 | Komal    |   2060 | 2008-05-20 00:00:00 |
|  7 | Muffy    |   3000 | 2009-10-08 00:00:00 |
|  7 | Muffy    |   1500 | 2009-10-08 00:00:00 |
|  7 | Muffy    |   1560 | 2009-11-20 00:00:00 |
|  7 | Muffy    |   2060 | 2008-05-20 00:00:00 |
+----+----------+--------+---------------------+


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