JDBC - Create Database Example

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This tutorial provides an example on how to create a Database using JDBC application. Before executing following example, make sure you have the following in place:

  • You should have admin privilege to create a database in the given schema. To execute the following example you need to replace username and password with your actual user name and password.

  • Your MySQL or whatever database you are using is up and running.

Required Steps:

There are following steps required to create a new Database using JDBC application:

  • Import the packages . Requires that you include the packages containing the JDBC classes needed for database programming. Most often, using import java.sql.* will suffice.

  • Register the JDBC driver . Requires that you initialize a driver so you can open a communications channel with the database.

  • Open a connection . Requires using the DriverManager.getConnection() method to create a Connection object, which represents a physical connection with datbase server.

    To create a new database, you need not to give any database name while preparing database URL as mentioned in the below example.

  • Execute a query . Requires using an object of type Statement for building and submitting an SQL statement to the database.

  • Clean up the environment . Requires explicitly closing all database resources versus relying on the JVM's garbage collection.

Sample Code:

Copy and past following example in JDBCExample.java, compile and run as follows:

//STEP 1. Import required packages
import java.sql.*;

public class JDBCExample {
   // JDBC driver name and database URL
   static final String JDBC_DRIVER = "com.mysql.jdbc.Driver";  
   static final String DB_URL = "jdbc:mysql://localhost/";

   //  Database credentials
   static final String USER = "username";
   static final String PASS = "password";
   
   public static void main(String[] args) {
   Connection conn = null;
   Statement stmt = null;
   try{
      //STEP 2: Register JDBC driver
      Class.forName("com.mysql.jdbc.Driver");

      //STEP 3: Open a connection
      System.out.println("Connecting to database...");
      conn = DriverManager.getConnection(DB_URL, USER, PASS);

      //STEP 4: Execute a query
      System.out.println("Creating database...");
      stmt = conn.createStatement();
      
      String sql = "CREATE DATABASE STUDENTS";
      stmt.executeUpdate(sql);
      System.out.println("Database created successfully...");
   }catch(SQLException se){
      //Handle errors for JDBC
      se.printStackTrace();
   }catch(Exception e){
      //Handle errors for Class.forName
      e.printStackTrace();
   }finally{
      //finally block used to close resources
      try{
         if(stmt!=null)
            stmt.close();
      }catch(SQLException se2){
      }// nothing we can do
      try{
         if(conn!=null)
            conn.close();
      }catch(SQLException se){
         se.printStackTrace();
      }//end finally try
   }//end try
   System.out.println("Goodbye!");
}//end main
}//end JDBCExample

Now let us compile above example as follows:

C:\>javac JDBCExample.java
C:\>

When you run JDBCExample, it produces following result:

C:\>java JDBCExample
Connecting to database...
Creating database...
Database created successfully...
Goodbye!
C:\>


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