JDBC - CallableStatement Object Example


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Following is the example, which makes use of the CallableStatement along with the following getEmpName() MySQL stored procedure −

Make sure you have created this stored procedure in your EMP Database. You can use MySQL Query Browser to get it done.

DELIMITER $$

DROP PROCEDURE IF EXISTS `EMP`.`getEmpName` $$
CREATE PROCEDURE `EMP`.`getEmpName` 
   (IN EMP_ID INT, OUT EMP_FIRST VARCHAR(255))
BEGIN
   SELECT first INTO EMP_FIRST
   FROM Employees
   WHERE ID = EMP_ID;
END $$

DELIMITER ;

This sample code has been written based on the environment and database setup done in the previous chapters.

Copy and past the following example in JDBCExample.java, compile and run as follows −

//STEP 1. Import required packages
import java.sql.*;

public class JDBCExample {
   // JDBC driver name and database URL
   static final String JDBC_DRIVER = "com.mysql.jdbc.Driver";  
   static final String DB_URL = "jdbc:mysql://localhost/EMP";

   //  Database credentials
   static final String USER = "username";
   static final String PASS = "password";
   
   public static void main(String[] args) {
   Connection conn = null;
   CallableStatement stmt = null;
   try{
      //STEP 2: Register JDBC driver
      Class.forName("com.mysql.jdbc.Driver");

      //STEP 3: Open a connection
      System.out.println("Connecting to database...");
      conn = DriverManager.getConnection(DB_URL,USER,PASS);

      //STEP 4: Execute a query
      System.out.println("Creating statement...");
      String sql = "{call getEmpName (?, ?)}";
      stmt = conn.prepareCall(sql);
      
      //Bind IN parameter first, then bind OUT parameter
      int empID = 102;
      stmt.setInt(1, empID); // This would set ID as 102
      // Because second parameter is OUT so register it
      stmt.registerOutParameter(2, java.sql.Types.VARCHAR);
      
      //Use execute method to run stored procedure.
      System.out.println("Executing stored procedure..." );
      stmt.execute();

      //Retrieve employee name with getXXX method
      String empName = stmt.getString(2);
      System.out.println("Emp Name with ID:" + 
               empID + " is " + empName);
      stmt.close();
      conn.close();
   }catch(SQLException se){
      //Handle errors for JDBC
      se.printStackTrace();
   }catch(Exception e){
      //Handle errors for Class.forName
      e.printStackTrace();
   }finally{
      //finally block used to close resources
      try{
         if(stmt!=null)
            stmt.close();
      }catch(SQLException se2){
      }// nothing we can do
      try{
         if(conn!=null)
            conn.close();
      }catch(SQLException se){
         se.printStackTrace();
      }//end finally try
   }//end try
   System.out.println("Goodbye!");
}//end main
}//end JDBCExample

Now let us compile the above example as follows −

C:\>javac JDBCExample.java
C:\>

When you run JDBCExample, it produces the following result −

C:\>java JDBCExample
Connecting to database...
Creating statement...
Executing stored procedure...
Emp Name with ID:102 is Zaid
Goodbye!
C:\>

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