Java Examples - Monitoring a Thread

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Problem Description:

How to monitor a thread's status?

Solution:

Following example demonstrates how to monitor a thread's status by extending Thread class and using currentThread.getName() method.

class MyThread extends Thread{
   boolean waiting= true;
   boolean ready= false;
   MyThread() {
   }
   public void run() {
      String thrdName = Thread.currentThread().getName();
      System.out.println(thrdName + " starting.");
      while(waiting) 
      System.out.println("waiting:"+waiting); 
      System.out.println("waiting...");
      startWait(); 
      try {
         Thread.sleep(1000);
      }
      catch(Exception exc) {
         System.out.println(thrdName + " interrupted.");
      }
      System.out.println(thrdName + " terminating.");
   }
   synchronized void startWait() {
      try {
         while(!ready) wait();
      }
      catch(InterruptedException exc) {
         System.out.println("wait() interrupted");
      }
   }
   synchronized void notice() {
      ready = true;
      notify();
   }
}
public class Main {
   public static void main(String args[]) 
   throws Exception{
      MyThread thrd = new MyThread();
      thrd.setName("MyThread #1");
      showThreadStatus(thrd);
      thrd.start();
      Thread.sleep(50);
      showThreadStatus(thrd);
      thrd.waiting = false;
      Thread.sleep(50); 
      showThreadStatus(thrd);
      thrd.notice();
      Thread.sleep(50);
      showThreadStatus(thrd);
      while(thrd.isAlive()) 
      System.out.println("alive");
      showThreadStatus(thrd);
   }
   static void showThreadStatus(Thread thrd) {
      System.out.println(thrd.getName()+" 
      Alive:="+thrd.isAlive()+" 
      State:=" + thrd.getState() );
   }
}

Result:

The above code sample will produce the following result.

main Alive=true State:=running


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