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CSS - Dimension

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You have seen the border that surrounds every box ie. element, the padding that can appear inside each box and the margin that can go around them. In this tutorial we will how we can change the dimensions of boxes.

There are following properties that allow you to control the dimensions of a box.

The height and width Properties:

The height and width properties allow you to set the height and width for boxes. They can take values of a length, a percentage, or the keyword auto.

Here is the example:

<p style="width:400px; height:100px;border:1px solid red;
             padding:5px; margin:10px;">
This paragraph is 400pixels wide and 100 pixels high
</p>

This will produce following result:

This paragraph is 400pixels wide and 100 pixels high

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The line-height Property:

The line-height property allows you to increase the space between lines of text. The value of the line-height property can be a number, a length, or a percentage.

Here is the example:

<p style="width:400px; height:100px;border:1px solid red;
             padding:5px; margin:10px;line-height:30px;">
This paragraph is 400pixels wide and 100 pixels high
and here line height is 30pixels.This paragraph is 400 pixels
wide and 100 pixels high and here line height is 30pixels.
</p>

This will produce following result:

This paragraph is 400pixels wide and 100 pixels high and here line height is 30pixels.This paragraph is 400 pixels wide and 100 pixels high and here line height is 30pixels.

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The max-height Property:

The max-height property allows you to specify maximum height of a box. The value of the max-height property can be a number, a length, or a percentage.

NOTE: This property does not work in either Netscape 7 or IE 6.

Here is the example:

<p style="width:400px; max-height:10px;border:1px solid red;
             padding:5px; margin:10px;">
This paragraph is 400px wide and max height is 10px
This paragraph is 400px wide and max height is 10px
This paragraph is 400px wide and max height is 10px
This paragraph is 400px wide and max height is 10px
</p>
<img alt="logo" src="/images/css.gif" width="95" height="84" />

This will produce following result:

This paragraph is 400px wide and max height is 10px This paragraph is 400px wide and max height is 10px This paragraph is 400px wide and max height is 10px This paragraph is 400px wide and max height is 10px

logo

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The min-height Property:

The min-height property allows you to specify minimum height of a box. The value of the min-height property can be a number, a length, or a percentage.

NOTE: This property does not work in either Netscape 7 or IE 6.

Here is the example:

<p style="width:400px; min-height:200px;border:1px solid red;
             padding:5px; margin:10px;">
This paragraph is 400px wide and min height is 200px
This paragraph is 400px wide and min height is 200px
This paragraph is 400px wide and min height is 200px
This paragraph is 400px wide and min height is 200px
</p>
<img alt="logo" src="/images/css.gif" width="95" height="84" />

This will produce following result:

This paragraph is 400px wide and min height is 200px This paragraph is 400px wide and min height is 200px This paragraph is 400px wide and min height is 200px This paragraph is 400px wide and min height is 200px

logo

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The max-width Property:

The max-width property allows you to specify maximum width of a box. The value of the max-width property can be a number, a length, or a percentage.

NOTE: This property does not work in either Netscape 7 or IE 6.

Here is the example:

<p style="max-width:100px; height:200px;border:1px solid red;
             padding:5px; margin:10px;">
This paragraph is 200px high and max width is 100px
This paragraph is 200px high and max width is 100px
This paragraph is 200px high and max width is 100px
This paragraph is 200px high and max width is 100px
This paragraph is 200px high and max width is 100px
</p>
<img alt="logo" src="/images/css.gif" width="95" height="84" />

This will produce following result:

This paragraph is 200px high and max width is 100px This paragraph is 200px high and max width is 100px This paragraph is 200px high and max width is 100px This paragraph is 200px high and max width is 100px This paragraph is 200px high and max width is 100px

logo

To Become more comfortable - Do Online Practice

The min-width Property:

The min-width property allows you to specify minimum width of a box. The value of the min-width property can be a number, a length, or a percentage.

NOTE: This property does not work in either Netscape 7 or IE 6.

Here is the example:

<p style="min-width:400px; height:100px;border:1px solid red;
             padding:5px; margin:10px;">
This paragraph is 100px high and min width is 400px
This paragraph is 100px high and min width is 400px
This paragraph is 100px high and min width is 400px
This paragraph is 100px high and min width is 400px
This paragraph is 100px high and min width is 400px
</p>
<img alt="logo" src="/images/css.gif" width="95" height="84" />

This will produce following result:

This paragraph is 100px high and min width is 400px This paragraph is 100px high and min width is 400px This paragraph is 100px high and min width is 400px This paragraph is 100px high and min width is 400px This paragraph is 100px high and min width is 400px

logo

To Become more comfortable - Do Online Practice

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