Overloading Increment ++ and Decrement --

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The increment (++) and decrement (--) operators are two important unary operators available in C++.

Following example explain how increment (++) operator can be overloaded for prefix as well as postfix usage. Similar way, you can overload operator (--).

#include <iostream>
using namespace std;
 
class Time
{
   private:
      int hours;             // 0 to 23
      int minutes;           // 0 to 59
   public:
      // required constructors
      Time(){
         hours = 0;
         minutes = 0;
      }
      Time(int h, int m){
         hours = h;
         minutes = m;
      }
      // method to display time
      void displayTime()
      {
         cout << "H: " << hours << " M:" << minutes <<endl;
      }
      // overloaded prefix ++ operator
      Time operator++ ()  
      {
         ++minutes;          // increment this object
         if(minutes >= 60)  
         {
            ++hours;
            minutes -= 60;
         }
         return Time(hours, minutes);
      }
      // overloaded postfix ++ operator
      Time operator++( int )         
      {
         // save the orignal value
         Time T(hours, minutes);
         // increment this object
         ++minutes;                    
         if(minutes >= 60)
         {
            ++hours;
            minutes -= 60;
         }
         // return old original value
         return T; 
      }
};
int main()
{
   Time T1(11, 59), T2(10,40);
 
   ++T1;                    // increment T1
   T1.displayTime();        // display T1
   ++T1;                    // increment T1 again
   T1.displayTime();        // display T1
 
   T2++;                    // increment T2
   T2.displayTime();        // display T2
   T2++;                    // increment T2 again
   T2.displayTime();        // display T2
   return 0;
}

When the above code is compiled and executed, it produces the following result:

H: 12 M:0
H: 12 M:1
H: 10 M:41
H: 10 M:42



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