AWT Color Class

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Introduction

The Color class states colors in the default sRGB color space or colors in arbitrary color spaces identified by a ColorSpace.

Class declaration

Following is the declaration for java.awt.Color class:

public class Color
   extends Object
      implements Paint, Serializable

Field

Following are the fields for java.awt.geom.Arc2D class:

  • static Color black -- The color black.

  • static Color BLACK -- The color black.

  • static Color blue -- The color blue.

  • static Color BLUE -- The color blue.

  • static Color cyan -- The color cyan.

  • static Color CYAN -- The color cyan.

  • static Color DARK_GRAY -- The color dark gray.

  • static Color darkGray -- The color dark gray.

  • static Color gray -- The color gray.

  • static Color GRAY -- The color gray.

  • static Color green -- The color green.

  • static Color GREEN -- The color green.

  • static Color LIGHT_GRAY -- The color light gray.

  • static Color lightGray -- The color light gray.

  • static Color magenta -- The color magenta.

  • static Color MAGENTA -- The color magenta.

  • static Color orange -- The color orange.

  • static Color ORANGE -- The color orange.

  • static Color pink -- The color pink.

  • static Color PINK -- The color pink.

  • static Color red -- The color red.

  • static Color RED -- The color red.

  • static Color white -- The color white.

  • static Color WHITE -- The color white.

  • static Color yellow -- The color yellow.

  • static Color YELLOW -- The color yellow.

Class constructors

S.N.Constructor & Description
1Color(ColorSpace cspace, float[] components, float alpha)
Creates a color in the specified ColorSpace with the color components specified in the float array and the specified alpha.
2Color(float r, float g, float b)
Creates an opaque sRGB color with the specified red, green, and blue values in the range (0.0 - 1.0).
3Color(float r, float g, float b, float a)
Creates an sRGB color with the specified red, green, blue, and alpha values in the range (0.0 - 1.0).
4Color(int rgb)
Creates an opaque sRGB color with the specified combined RGB value consisting of the red component in bits 16-23, the green component in bits 8-15, and the blue component in bits 0-7.
5Color(int rgba, boolean hasalpha)
Creates an sRGB color with the specified combined RGBA value consisting of the alpha component in bits 24-31, the red component in bits 16-23, the green component in bits 8-15, and the blue component in bits 0-7.
6Color(int r, int g, int b)
Creates an opaque sRGB color with the specified red, green, and blue values in the range (0 - 255).
7Color(int r, int g, int b, int a)
Creates an sRGB color with the specified red, green, blue, and alpha values in the range (0 - 255).

Class methods

S.N.Method & Description
1Color brighter()
Creates a new Color that is a brighter version of this Color.
2PaintContext createContext(ColorModel cm, Rectangle r, Rectangle2D r2d, AffineTransform xform, RenderingHints hints)
Creates and returns a PaintContext used to generate a solid color pattern.
3Color darker()
Creates a new Color that is a darker version of this Color.
4static Color decode(String nm)
Converts a String to an integer and returns the specified opaque Color.
5boolean equals(Object obj)
Determines whether another object is equal to this Color.
6int getAlpha()
Returns the alpha component in the range 0-255.
7int getBlue()
Returns the blue component in the range 0-255 in the default sRGB space.
8static Color getColor(String nm)
Finds a color in the system properties.
9static Color getColor(String nm, Color v)
Finds a color in the system properties.
10static Color getColor(String nm, int v)
Finds a color in the system properties.
11float[] getColorComponents(ColorSpace cspace, float[] compArray)
Returns a float array containing only the color components of the Color in the ColorSpace specified by the cspace parameter.
12float[] getColorComponents(float[] compArray)
Returns a float array containing only the color components of the Color, in the ColorSpace of the Color.
13ColorSpace getColorSpace()
Returns the ColorSpace of this Color.
14float[] getComponents(ColorSpace cspace, float[] compArray)
Returns a float array containing the color and alpha components of the Color, in the ColorSpace specified by the cspace parameter.
15float[] getComponents(float[] compArray)
Returns a float array containing the color and alpha components of the Color, in the ColorSpace of the Color.
16int getGreen()
Returns the green component in the range 0-255 in the default sRGB space.
17static Color getHSBColor(float h, float s, float b)
Creates a Color object based on the specified values for the HSB color model.
18int getRed()
Returns the red component in the range 0-255 in the default sRGB space.
19int getRGB()
Returns the RGB value representing the color in the default sRGB ColorModel.
20float[] getRGBColorComponents(float[] compArray)
Returns a float array containing only the color components of the Color, in the default sRGB color space.
21float[] getRGBComponents(float[] compArray)
Returns a float array containing the color and alpha components of the Color, as represented in the default sRGB color space.
22int getTransparency()
Returns the transparency mode for this Color.
23int hashCode()
Computes the hash code for this Color.
24static int HSBtoRGB(float hue, float saturation, float brightness)
Converts the components of a color, as specified by the HSB model, to an equivalent set of values for the default RGB model.
25static float[] RGBtoHSB(int r, int g, int b, float[] hsbvals)
Converts the components of a color, as specified by the default RGB model, to an equivalent set of values for hue, saturation, and brightness that are the three components of the HSB model.
26String toString()
Returns a string representation of this Color.

Methods inherited

This class inherits methods from the following classes:

  • java.lang.Object

Color Example

Create the following java program using any editor of your choice in say D:/ > AWT > com > tutorialspoint > gui >

AWTGraphicsDemo.java
package com.tutorialspoint.gui;

import java.awt.*;
import java.awt.event.*;
import java.awt.geom.*;

public class AWTGraphicsDemo extends Frame {
       
   public AWTGraphicsDemo(){
      super("Java AWT Examples");
      prepareGUI();
   }

   public static void main(String[] args){
      AWTGraphicsDemo  awtGraphicsDemo = new AWTGraphicsDemo();  
      awtGraphicsDemo.setVisible(true);
   }

   private void prepareGUI(){
      setSize(400,400);
      addWindowListener(new WindowAdapter() {
         public void windowClosing(WindowEvent windowEvent){
            System.exit(0);
         }        
      }); 
   }    

   @Override
   public void paint(Graphics g) {
      Graphics2D g2 = (Graphics2D)g;        
      Font plainFont = new Font("Serif", Font.PLAIN, 24);        
      g2.setFont(plainFont);
      g2.setColor(Color.red);
      g2.drawString("Welcome to TutorialsPoint", 50, 70); 
      g2.setColor(Color.GRAY);
      g2.drawString("Welcome to TutorialsPoint", 50, 120);  
   }
}

Compile the program using command prompt. Go to D:/ > AWT and type the following command.

D:\AWT>javac com\tutorialspoint\gui\AWTGraphicsDemo.java

If no error comes that means compilation is successful. Run the program using following command.

D:\AWT>java com.tutorialspoint.gui.AWTGraphicsDemo

Verify the following output

AWT Color

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