Even though for many average users a strong security of the operating system isn’t a primary concern, this article is oriented towards those who need to keep their files safe and also their sensitive information away from the eyes and hands of the bad willing ones. As an internet marketer or entrepreneur, or any other job that requires an internet connection, the files handled on the computer are at risk of being stolen or corrupted.
Are there any 100% securing methods?
On short words, the answer is no. No matter how many layers of security you are adding to your workstation, there are still tiny chances that someone might get pass all of them and then access sensitive data. Even if you are disconnecting the computer from the internet and then store it into a desk cupboard, somebody could use social engineering techniques in order to physically access the computer.
What most security paranoids must understand is that the key of a better security is not isolation, but rather out-of-the box thinking and proper assembly of the defense measures inside a computer that requires a certain level of protection.
The ABC of high level computer security
In order to achieve high level security in Windows, you must have a certain list in your mind. The key elements for providing layered security are as it follows:
Enforced security policy
By respecting the above 5 elements in that particular order and applying the right procedures, you will achieve a level of personal computer security that will make most hackers leave your workstation alone. This will happen not only because it would require a lot of work to even try bypassing all the security measures, but also there are lots of low-protected personal computers which can be exploited easier.
Physically protecting a computer requires storing it in a safe place where it can’t be accessed by third parties. This can include a locked desk cupboard, or, in case of a laptop, a secured case or a locked place close to you.
Security measures regarding malware protection can be achieved by installing a proper anti-malware application like an antivirus – firewall combination. Also, it is better to use a security suite instead of separated products. A hardware firewall can even more increase the security when you are connected to the internet, being able to filter the traffic and block unused ports.
A strong security policy will ensure that your anti-malware software and your physical security techniques will work properly. A strong security policy includes to strictly follow the above mentioned rules, as well as using safe devices and licensed applications from known vendors, plus strong passwords for every account.
Encryption is the last barricade in front of a hacker if he manages to get access to your data. By encrypting your files with a strong algorithm and a hard to crack password, he won’t be able to unlock the files from their current state, making them unusable.
Finally, in order to be able to recover from being the victim of data corruption, you need to perform regular backups of your most important files. This can either be done by using an application that uploads the files into a cloud computing system (like Dropbox), or it can be done manually by making backup copies of data on external hard drives. Also, when using the second method, remember to encrypt the external hard-drives, to avoid data loss in case of stealing.