Android Table Layout


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Android TableLayout going to be arranged groups of views into rows and columns. You will use the <TableRow> element to build a row in the table. Each row has zero or more cells; each cell can hold one View object.

TableLayout containers do not display border lines for their rows, columns, or cells.

Table Layout

TableLayout Attributes

Following are the important attributes specific to TableLayout −

Attribute Description
android:id This is the ID which uniquely identifies the layout.
android:collapseColumns This specifies the zero-based index of the columns to collapse. The column indices must be separated by a comma: 1, 2, 5.
android:collapseColumns The zero-based index of the columns to shrink. The column indices must be separated by a comma: 1, 2, 5.
android:stretchColumns The zero-based index of the columns to stretch. The column indices must be separated by a comma: 1, 2, 5.

Example

This example will take you through simple steps to show how to create your own Android application using Table Layout. Follow the following steps to modify the Android application we created in Hello World Example chapter −

Step Description
1 You will use Android Studio IDE to create an Android application and name it as demo under a package com.example.demo as explained in the Hello World Example chapter.
2 Modify the default content of res/layout/activity_main.xml file to include few widgets in table layout.
3 No need to modify string.xml, Android studio takes care of default constants
4 Run the application to launch Android emulator and verify the result of the changes done in the application.

Following is the content of the modified main activity file src/com.example.demo/MainActivity.java. This file can include each of the fundamental lifecycle methods.

package com.example.demo;

import android.os.Bundle;
import android.app.Activity;
import android.view.Menu;

public class MainActivity extends Activity {
   @Override
   protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
      super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
      setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
   }
   
   @Override
   public boolean onCreateOptionsMenu(Menu menu) {
      getMenuInflater().inflate(R.menu.main, menu);
      return true;
   }
}

Following will be the content of res/layout/activity_main.xml file −

<TableLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
   android:layout_width="fill_parent"
   android:layout_height="fill_parent">
   
   <TableRow
      android:layout_width="fill_parent"
      android:layout_height="fill_parent">
   <TextView
      android:text="Time"
      android:layout_width="wrap_content"
      android:layout_height="wrap_content"
      android:layout_column="1" />
   <TextClock
      android:layout_width="wrap_content"
      android:layout_height="wrap_content"
      android:id="@+id/textClock"
      android:layout_column="2" />
   </TableRow>
   
   <TableRow>
   <TextView
      android:text="First Name"
      android:layout_width="wrap_content"
      android:layout_height="wrap_content"
      android:layout_column="1" />
   <EditText
      android:width="200px"
      android:layout_width="wrap_content"
      android:layout_height="wrap_content" />
   </TableRow>
   
   <TableRow>
   <TextView
      android:text="Last Name"
      android:layout_width="wrap_content"
      android:layout_height="wrap_content"
      android:layout_column="1" />
   <EditText
      android:width="100px"
      android:layout_width="wrap_content"
      android:layout_height="wrap_content" />
   </TableRow>
   
   <TableRow
      android:layout_width="fill_parent"
      android:layout_height="fill_parent">
   <RatingBar
      android:layout_width="wrap_content"
      android:layout_height="wrap_content"
      android:id="@+id/ratingBar"
      android:layout_column="2" />
   </TableRow>
   
   <TableRow
      android:layout_width="fill_parent"
      android:layout_height="fill_parent"/>
   <TableRow
      android:layout_width="fill_parent"
      android:layout_height="fill_parent">
   <Button
      android:layout_width="wrap_content"
      android:layout_height="wrap_content"
      android:text="Submit"
      android:id="@+id/button"
      android:layout_column="2" />
   </TableRow>

</TableLayout>

Following will be the content of res/values/strings.xml to define two new constants −

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<resources>
   <string name="app_name">HelloWorld</string>
   <string name="action_settings">Settings</string>
</resources>

Let's try to run our modified Hello World! application we just modified. I assume you had created your AVD while doing environment setup. To run the app from Android Studio, open one of your project's activity files and click Run Eclipse Run Icon icon from the toolbar. Android studio installs the app on your AVD and starts it and if everything is fine with your setup and application, it will display following Emulator window −

Android TableLayout
android_user_interface_layouts.htm

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