Android Absolute Layout

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An Absolute Layout lets you specify exact locations (x/y coordinates) of its children. Absolute layouts are less flexible and harder to maintain than other types of layouts without absolute positioning.

AbsoluteLayout Attributes

Following are the important attributes specific to AbsoluteLayout:

AttributeDescription
android:idThis is the ID which uniquely identifies the layout.
android:layout_xThis specifies the x-coordinate of the view.
android:layout_yThis specifies the y-coordinate of the view.

Example

This example will take you through simple steps to show how to create your own Android application using absolute layout. Follow the following steps to modify the Android application we created in Hello World Example chapter:

StepDescription
1You will use Eclipse IDE to create an Android application and name it as HelloWorld under a package com.example.helloworld as explained in the Hello World Example chapter.
2Modify the detault content of res/layout/activity_main.xml file to include few widgets in absolute layout.
3Define required constants in res/values/strings.xml file
4Run the application to launch Android emulator and verify the result of the changes done in the aplication.

Following is the content of the modified main activity file src/com.example.helloworld/MainActivity.java. This file can include each of the fundamental lifecycle methods.

package com.example.helloworld;

import android.os.Bundle;
import android.app.Activity;
import android.view.Menu;

public class MainActivity extends Activity {

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
    }

    @Override
    public boolean onCreateOptionsMenu(Menu menu) {
        getMenuInflater().inflate(R.menu.main, menu);
        return true;
    }
    
}

Following will be the content of res/layout/activity_main.xml file:

<AbsoluteLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
   android:layout_width="fill_parent"
   android:layout_height="fill_parent">
   
   <Button
      android:layout_width="100dp"
      android:layout_height="wrap_content"
      android:text="OK"
      android:layout_x="50px"
      android:layout_y="361px" />
   <Button
      android:layout_width="100dp"
      android:layout_height="wrap_content"
      android:text="Cancel"
      android:layout_x="225px"
      android:layout_y="361px" />

</AbsoluteLayout>

Following will be the content of res/values/strings.xml to define two new constants:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<resources>

   <string name="app_name">HelloWorld</string>
   <string name="action_settings">Settings</string>

</resources>

Let's try to run our modified Hello World! application we just modified. I assume you had created your AVD while doing environment setup. To run the app from Eclipse, open one of your project's activity files and click Run Eclipse Run Icon icon from the toolbar. Eclipse installs the app on your AVD and starts it and if everything is fine with your setup and application, it will display following Emulator window:

Android Absolute Layout

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